Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


open science, global situation, open science roadmap, open research infrastructure, open science policy

Document Type

Open Science: Development Trend and Governance Strategy


Open science has reached a global consensus, and global open science governance requires the active participation of China. In order to seize development opportunities, this study analyzes the global trend of open science development and its impact on the scientific community. Based on practical cases of open science in China, the current situation and challenges of open science development in China are addressed. A roadmap for open science in China is designed, with open research infrastructure and open science policies as key supports. Recommendations for promoting the development of open science in China are proposed.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


1 杨卫. 中国开放科学的两大考验、三道门槛、四条途径. 中国科学报, 2022-10-19(01). Yang W. The two great tests, Three thresholds, and four paths of open science in China. China Science Daily, 2022-10- 19(01). (in Chinese)

2 Suber P. Open Access. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2012.

3 黄磊, 赵延东, 何光喜. 从开放获取到开放科学的变化与挑战——基于多指标比较的文献计量分析. 科技管理研究, 2020, 40(11): 241-251.

Huang L, Zhao Y D, He G X. Knowledge mapping from open access to open science with multiple indicators: Challenges and changes. Science and Technology Management Research, 2020, 40(11): 241-251. (in Chinese)

4 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO recommendation on open science. (2022-11-26)[2021-11-30]. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000379949.

5 赵昆华, 刘细文, 龙艺璇, 等. 从开放获取到开放科学: 科研资助机构的理念与实践. 中国科学基金, 2021, 35(5): 844-854.

Zhao K H, Liu X W, Long Y X, et al. From open access to open science: Notion and practices of national science & techonology funding agencies. Bulletin of National Natural Science Foundation of China, 2021, 35(5): 844-854. (in Chinese)

6 Konkiel S. Tracking the impacts of data—Beyond citations. (2014-10-28)[2022-02-13]. https://blog.ourresearch.org/dataimpact-metrics/.

7 Brainard J, Kaiser J. White House requires immediate public access to all U.S.-funded research papers by 2025. (2022-08- 26)[2022-08-29]. https://www.science.org/content/article/white-house-requires-immediate-public-access-all-u-s--funded-research-papers-2025.

8 European Commission. Data act: EU proposes rules for accessing and sharing industrial data. (2022-02-23)[2022-10- 11]. https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/data-actproposal-regulation-harmonised-rules-fair-access-and-usedata.

9 National Nanotechnology Initiative. 2021 national nanotechnology initiative strategic plan. (2021-10-08)[2022- 10-11]. https://www.nano.gov/2021strategicplan.

10 National Science Foundation. Research infrastructure guide. (2021-12-10)[2022-10-11]. https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=nsf21107.

11 Reich J. Preregistration and registered reports. Educational Psychologist, 2021, 56(2): 101-109.

12 Beauvais M J S, Knoppers B M, Illes J. A marathon, not a sprint-neuroimaging, Open Science and ethics. Neuro Image, 2021, 236(8): 118041.

13 UK Research and Innovation. Infrastructure investments to boost UK research and innovation. (2021-06-21)[2022-10- 11]. https://www.ukri.org/news/infrastructure-investmentsto-boost-uk-research-and-innovation/#:~:text=UKRI%20is%20investing%20£50%20million%20into%20a%20 portfolio,to%20boost%20the%20UK’s%20research%20 and%20innovation%20capabilities.

14 First meeting of the UNESCO working group on open science policies and policy instruments. [2022-11-21]. https://www.unesco.org/sites/default/files/medias/fichiers/2022/05/Objectives_of_the_WG_on_OS_Policies_and_Policy_Instruments.pdf.

15 Moradi S, Abdi S. Open science-related policies in Europe. Science and Public Policy, 2023: scac082.

16 The White House. OSTP launches year of open science to advance national open science policies across the federal government in 2023. (2023-01-11)[2023-02-01]. https://www.whitehouse.gov/ostp/news-updates/2023/01/11/factsheet-biden-harris-administration-announces-new-actions-toadvance-open-and-equitable-research/.

17 托马斯·库恩. 科学结构的革命. 金吾伦, 胡新和, 译. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 2012.

Thomas K. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Translated by Jin W L, Hu X H. Beijing: Peking University Press, 2012. (in Chinese)

18 Yang W. Open and inclusive science: A Chinese perspective. Cultures of Science, 2021, 4(4): 185-198.

19 Cole N L, Reichmann S, Ross-Hellauer T. Toward equitable open research: Stakeholder co-created recommendations for research institutions, funders and researchers. Royal Society Open Science, 2023, 10(2): 221460.

20 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Open Science by Design: Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2018.

21 Nosek B A, Alter G, Banks G C, et al. Promoting an open research culture. Science, 2015, 348: 1422-1425.

22 Capps B. Where does open science lead us during a pandemic? A public good argument to prioritise rights in the open commons. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 2020, 30(1): 11-24.

23 Shaw D L. Is open science the future of drug development?. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 2017, 90(1): 147-151.

24 LeBel E P, McCarthy R J, Earp B D, et al. A unified framework to quantify the credibility of scientific findings. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 2018, 1(3): 389-402.

25 张红. 我国科技资源共享的现状及其分析. 科技与法律, 2007, (2): 18-24.

Zhang H. Present situation and analysis of scientific and technological resources sharing in China. Science-Technology and Law, 2007, (2): 18-24. (in Chinese)

26 Maslow A H. A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 1943, 50(4): 370-396.

27 黄金霞, 赵展一, 王昉. 从开放科学路线图分析到开放科学道路决策方法设计. 农业图书情报学报, 2020, 32(12): 5-19.

Huang J X, Zhao Z Y, Wang F. Analysis on open science roadmap and design on decision-making method of open science road. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2020, 32(12): 5-19. (in Chinese)