Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


integrated circuit,talent cultivation,integration of production and education,sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening

Document Type

Policy & Management Research


The most essential feature of building a new development paradigm is to achieve sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher levels. The integrated circuit industry, as an important pillar to achieve this essential feature, is facing a severe external situation. China's chip shortage pain begins with a shortage of talents. The structural problem of uneven development at the overall level of the industry makes it more difficult to effectively gather and distribute talents. To achieve sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher levels, we need to be both demand-oriented and problem-oriented, which means not only to pay attention to the core technology innovation of integrated circuits, but also to develop the talent supply system. This study systematically analyzes the pain points of the talent training and development system of China's integrated circuit industry from the perspectives of talent training stage, circulation stage and structural problems, and proposes a theoretical model of forming a new integrated circuit talent training system that is hierarchical, multi echelon and horizontally and vertically coordinating "demand, supply and circulation" links. It aims to provide decision-making reference for building a hierarchical, multi echelon, practical and compound training system of integrated circuit talents in order to achieve sci-tech self-reliance and self-strengthening at higher levels.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


1 余江, 刘佳丽, 甘泉, 等. 以跨学科大纵深研究策源重大原始创新:新一代集成电路光刻系统突破的启示. 中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(1):112-117.

Yu J, Liu J L, Gan Q, et al. Major original innovation based on interdisciplinary research:International insights from breakthrough of new generation of lithography system. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2020, 35(1):112-117. (in Chinese)

2 方新, 柳卸林. 我国科技体制改革的回顾及展望. 求是, 2004, (5):43-45.

Fang X, Liu X L. Review and prospect of China's scientific and technological system reform. Qiu Shi, 2004, (5):42-45. (in Chinese)

3 马源, 屠晓杰. 全球集成电路产业:成长、迁移与重塑. 信息通信技术与政策, 2022, (5):68-77.

Ma Y, Tu X J. Global integrated circuit industry:Evolution, migration and reconstruction. Information and Communications Technology and Policy, 2022, (5):68-77. (in Chinese)

4 Bown C P. How the United States marched the semiconductor industry into its trade war with China. East Asian Economic Review, 2020, 24(4):349-388.

5 李先军, 刘建丽, 闫梅. 中国集成电路设备的全球竞争力、赶超困境与政策建议. 产业经济评论, 2022, doi:10.19313/j.cnki.cn10-1223/f.20220422.001.

Li X J, Liu J L, Yan M. Global competitiveness, catch-up dilemma and suggestions of China's IC equipment. Review of Industrial Economics, 2022, doi:10.19313/j.cnki.cn10-1223/f.20220422.001. (in Chinese)

6 雷宇, 张国龙, 张武毅, 等. 我国集成电路产业发展现状及未来趋势探讨. 信息技术与标准化, 2022, (4):17-19, 30.

Lei Y, Zhang G L, Zhang W Y, et al. Current situation and future trend of IC development in China. Information Technology & Standardization, 2020, (4):17-19, 30. (in Chinese)

7 National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2018 Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities. (2019-12-03)[2022-10-30]. https://ncses.nsf.gov/pubs/nsf20301.

8 张立伟, 王珏. 我国海外科研人才的需求分析及人才引进对策. 科学学研究, 2020, 38(8):1390-1396, 1536.

Zhang L W, Wang Y. R&D team time pressure, team reflexivity and innovation performance. Studies in Science of Science, 2020, 38(8):1390-1396, 1536. (in Chinese)

9 王亚辉. ""缺芯""困境下技能型人才激励策略研究. 产业与科技论坛, 2018, 17(24):217-218.

Wang Y H. Research on incentive strategy of skilled talents under the dilemma of ""lack of core"". Industrial & Science Tribune, 2018, 17(24):217-218. (in Chinese)

10 冯晓丽, 张进成, 郑雪峰. 面向国家急需,构建""三位一体""集成电路人才培养模式的改革与实践. 电子元器件与信息技术, 2019, 3(11):122-125.

Feng X L, Zhang J C, Zheng X F. Facing the urgent need of the country, the reform and practice of constructing the ""Trinity"" integrated circuit talent training mode. Electronic Components and Information Technology, 2019, 3(11):122-125. (in Chinese)

11 范继辉, 庞智勇. ""新工科""背景下集成电路与集成系统专业人才培养方案探索与实践. 教育现代化, 2020, 7(52):24-28.

Fan J Z, Pang Z Y. Exploration and practice of talent training program for integrated circuit and integrated system majors under the background of ""new engineering"". Education Modernization, 2020, 7(52):24-28. (in Chinese)

12 李芳, 程媛, 周涛, 等. 我国集成电路技术发展制约因素分析. 电子产品世界, 2022, 29(6):12-15.

Li F, Cheng Y, Zhou T, et al. Analysis on the restrictive factors of the development of national integrated circuit technology. Electronic Engineering & Product World, 2022, 29(6):12-15. (in Chinese)