COVID-19; quarantine and isolation; spatial organization; centralized hierarchical management; decentralized autonomy
Policy & Management Research
Quarantine and isolation are effective means to prevent transmission of COVID-19, but the problems arised during the period of quarantine and isolation are worth pondering. This article first streamlines five types of problems during the recent period of quarantine and isolation. Based on a brief review of related research on domestic and international literature, the article argues that it will be a suitable approach to carry out research from the perspective of spatial organization combined with the concept of systems theory. Then, it explores the reasons of the aforementioned problems from the objective laws of spatial organization and systems theory. It points out that the lack of systematical consideration of quarantine and isolation decisions in theory and the absence of preparations for switching from normal to abnormal status in practice are the fundamental reasons. Finally, three policy suggestions have been proposed from the perspectives of the optimization of spatial organization system, the enhancement of infrastructure and capabilities, and the backup mechanism and drills.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
1 新华社.中共中央政治局常务委员会召开会议分析当前新冠肺炎疫情防控形势研究部署抓紧抓实疫情防控重点工作中共中央总书记习近平主持会议.人民日报, 2022-05-06(01).Xinhua News Agency.The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee convened a meeting to analyze the new development of COVID-19 and arrange key measures for better and more rigorous epidemic control.General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the meeting.People's Daily, 2022-05-06(01).(in Chinese)
2 习近平.在中央政治局常委会会议研究应对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情工作时的讲话.求是, 2020, (4):4-12.
Xi J P.Speech at the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee on the response to the coronavirus.Qiushi, 2020, (4):4-12.(in Chinese)
3 中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室.抗击新冠肺炎疫情的中国行动.北京:中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室, 2020.
The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China.Fighting COVID-19:China in Action.Beijing:The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China, 2020.(in Chinese)
4 新华社.中共中央政治局常务委员会召开会议分析新冠肺炎疫情形势部署从严抓好疫情防控工作中共中央总书记习近平主持会议.人民日报, 2022-03-18(01).Xinhua News Agency.The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee convenes a meeting on COVID-19 situation and better and more stringent epidemic prevention and control.People's Daily, 2022-03-18(01).(in Chinese)
5 国家卫生健康委员会.国务院联防联控机制2022年5月6 日新闻发布会文字实录.(2022-05-07)[2022-05-08].http://www.nhc.gov.cn/xcs/fkdt/202205/3e4f3e39b27f4c5fa331149e19c88039.shtml. National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China.Transcript of the press conference of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council on May 6, 2022.(2022-05-07)[2022-05-08].http://www.nhc.gov.cn/xcs/fkdt/202205/3e4f3e39b27f4c5fa331149e19c88039.shtml. (in Chinese)
6 张帆, 杨柳春, 岳凌生, 等.推动媒体融合纵深发展践行智库期刊使命担当——以《中国科学院院刊》开办"智库战‘疫’"栏目为例.中国科技期刊研究, 2020, 31(6):636-643.
Zhang F, Yang L C, Yue L S, et al.Promote in depth development of media convergence, and practice mission of think tank journal:A case study on launching column of Think Tank's Fight Against COVID-19 by Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences.Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals, 2020, 31(6):636-643.(in Chinese)
7 World Health Organization.Considerations for quarantine of individuals in the context of containment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19):Interim guidance.Geneva:WHO, 2020.
8 Webster R K, Brooks S K, Smith L E, et al.How to improve adherence with quarantine:Rapid review of the evidence.Public health, 2020, 182:163-169.
9 Patel J, Fernandes G, Sridhar D.Maximizing public adherence to COVID-19 self-isolation in Europe.The Lancet Regional Health-Europe.2021, 4:1-2.
10 新华社.习近平在北京考察新冠肺炎防控科研攻关工作时强调协同推进新冠肺炎防控科研攻关为打赢疫情防控阻击战提供科技支撑.人民日报, 2020-03-03(01).Xinhua News Agency.President Xi Jinping stressed coordinately advancing the scientific research on novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to provide support for winning the battle against the epidemic during Beijing inspection.People's Daily, 2020-03-03(01).(in Chinese)
11 钱学森, 于景元, 戴汝为.一个科学新领域——开放的复杂巨系统及其方法论.自然杂志, 1990, 13(1):3-10.
Qian X S, Yu J Y, Dai R W.A new discipline of science-The study of open complex giant system and its methodology.Chinese Journal of Nature, 1990, 13(1):3-10.(in Chinese)
12 周干峙.城市及其区域——一个开放的特殊复杂的巨系统.城市规划, 1997, 2(4):4-7.
Zhou G Z.City and its region:An open complex giant system.City Planning Review, 1997, 2(4):4-7.(in Chinese)
13 陆大道.关于"点-轴"空间结构系统的形成机理分析.地理科学, 2002, 22(1):1-6.
Lu D D.Formation and dynamics of the "Pole-Axis" spatial system.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2002, 22(1):1-6.(in Chinese)
14 金凤君, 王成金.轴-辐侍服理念下的中国航空网络模式构筑.地理研究, 2005, 24(5):774-784.
Jin F J, Wang C J.Hub-and-Spoke system and China aviation network organization.Geographical Research, 2005, 24(5):774-784.(in Chinese)
15 周叶中.探索超大城市现代化治理"新路子"的着力点.国家治理, 2020, (43):28-31.
Zhou Y Z.Exploring the focus of the "new way" of modern governance of megacities.Governance, 2020, (43):28-31.(in Chinese)
SUN, Wei and JIN, Fengjun
"Problems and Suggestions on COVID-19’s Quarantine and Isolation from Perspective of Spatial Organization,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 37
, Article 8.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol37/iss8/8