carbon neutrality; energy revolution; zero carbonization power; zero carbonization fuel
Energy Transition under Carbon Neutrality
Climate change has emerged as one of the major challenges faced by mankind. It has become a non-traditional global security issue, which causes a serious threat to the survival of human being and sustainable development. China's commitment to peak carbon emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 has important strategic significance for building a modern socialist country with harmonious coexistence between human and nature. Facing the challenge of China's carbon peak and carbon neutrality, this study proposes, through energy revolution, to promote electric decarbonization and zero carbonization power and zero carbonization fuel on the energy supply side, and to enhance energy utilization efficiency, re-electrification, and intelligence on the energy demand side. Thus, a clean, zero-carbon, safe and efficient energy system will be established with new energy as the main body and fossil energy plus carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) and nuclear energy as the guarantee.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
1 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Global Warming of 1.5℃. Geneva:IPCC, 2018.
2 BP. BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2021. London:BP, 2021.
3 中国电力企业联合会. 中国电力行业年度发展报告2021. 北京:中国建材工业出版社, 2021.
4 International Renewable Energy Agency. Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2020. Abu Dhabi:IRENA, 2021.
5 全球能源互联网发展合作组织. 中国2030年能源电力发展规划研究及2060年展望. 北京:全球能源互联网发展合作组织, 2021.
6 International Energy Agency. Energy Technology Perspectives 2020. Paris:IEA, 2020.
7 Olah G A, Goeppert A, Prakash Go K S. 跨越油气时代:甲醇经济. 胡金波, 译. 北京:化学工业出版社, 2007.
8 Shi C F, Zhang T, Li J, et al. Powering the future with Liquid Sunshine. Joule, 2018, 2(10):1925-1949.
9 Hepburn C, Adlen E, Beddington J, et al. The technological and economic prospects for CO2 utilization and removal. Nature, 2019, 575:87-97.
10 中国电力企业联合会. 中国电气化发展报告2019. 北京:中国建材工业出版社, 2019.
11 BP. BP Energy Outlook:2020 edition. London:BP, 2020.
HUANG, Zhen and XIE, Xiaomin
"Energy Revolution under Vision of Carbon Neutrality,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 36
, Article 5.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol36/iss9/5