Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Big Earth Data, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), SDG indicators monitoring, International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals

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In 2015, the United Nations adopted 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) to guide the economic, social, and environmental aspects of development. However, several factors have constrained the implementation of the SDGs, including uneven development, lack of data, and the interconnection and mutual restriction between the goals. In particular, the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 exacerbated the challenges faced by countries in implementing SDGs. This study focuses on the need to improve data services for SDGs in order to strengthen scientific research on monitoring and evaluating SDG indicators. We advocate for a scientific think tank that guides technological innovation for sustainable development and provides suggestions on education and training for developing countries that warrant serious consideration for rapid and meaningful sustained progress in the future. This paper highlights research on improving SDG monitoring and evaluation of SDGs carried out under the Big Earth Data Science Engineering Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the progress made in the development of the big data information platform for SDGs, and the monitoring and evaluation of SDG indicators. Further, the paper introduces the sustainable development scientific satellite due to launch in October 2021, a first of its kind in a series of satellites and the International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals (CBAS), which is being established to strengthen national and international efforts through improved scientific support driven by innovative big data solutions for SDGs.

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Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences

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