•  
  •  
 

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Keywords

waterbird; migration; wetland; conservation; satellite tracking; integrated catchment management

Document Type

Biodiversity Conservation and Ecological Civilization

Abstract

The linkage created by migratory birds in time and space and between different global ecosystems, local biodiversity and diverse human culture epitomises the concept of “All Life on Earth”. The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat, referred to as the Ramsar Convention below, uses bird abundance as a means to identify the relative significance of Wetlands of International Importance, tightly linking the most threatened wetlands on our planet with waterbird conservation. Wetland loss and degradation in Asia has caused a dramatic decrease in waterbird abundance and diversity, underlining the critical need for monitoring and conserving those natural systems that remain. Through close cooperation with 10 other countries, the Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has established the largest migratory bird movement ecological database in Asia, with independent intellectual property rights. It contains basic data on the migration strategies and flyways of large-bodied birds in Asia. Analyses of these data have shown that migratory large-bodied birds from over 20 Asian countries have all used wetland habitats in China, and the area of intensive use accounts for less than 1.5% of China's total land area, mainly concentrated in the floodplains of just six river systems. Furthermore, we have identified critical relationships between wetland area, inundation area, hydrological process and bird abundance, diversity and behaviour. Large-scale development of wetland and water resources has caused loss and degradation of waterbird habitat, resulting in dramatic decreases in waterbird numbers. From a global perspective, the conservation of migratory birds and their habitats represents a common challenge for all human beings. In recent years, China has pioneered the successful conservation of its most threatened typical wetlands, which provides valuable practical experience and confidence for global biodiversity conservation. Finally, we make recommendations as to how China can take the lead in organizing global migratory bird monitoring and conservation.

First page

436

Last Page

447

Language

Chinese

Publisher

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Original Submission Date

2021-03-30

References

1 Bauer S, Hoye B J. Migratory animals couple biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide. Science, 2014, 344:54-62.

2 Yong D L, Heim W, Chowdhury S, et al. The state of migratory landbirds in the East Asian Flyway:Distributions, threats, and conservation needs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2021, doi:10.3389/fevo.2021.613172.

3 Ramsar Convention Bureau. Wetlands Values and Functions. Gland:Ramsar Convention Bureau, 2001.

4 Mitra S, Wassmann R, Vlek P. Global Inventory of Wetlands and Their Role in the Arbon Ycle. Bonn:Center for Development Research Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung, 2003.

5 Mi X, Feng G, Hu Y, et al. The global significance of biodiversity science in China:An overview. National Science Review, 2021, doi:10.1093/nsr/nwab032.

6 Finlayson C M. Forty years of wetland conservation and wise use. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2012, 22(2):139-143.

7 Davidson N C. How much wetland has the world lost? Longterm and recent trends in global wetland area. Marine and Freshwater Research, 2014, 65(10):934-941.

8 Wetlands International. Waterbird Population Estimates, Fifth Edition, Summary Report. Wageningen:Wetlands International, 2012.

9 Kirby J S, Stattersfield A J, Butchart S H M, et al. Key conservation issues for migratory land- and waterbird species on the world's major flyways. Bird Conservation International, 2008, 18(S1):S49-S73.

10 Nathan R, Getz W M, Revilla E, et al. A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research. PNAS, 2008, 105(49):19052-19059.

11 Cao L, Deng X Q, Meng F J, et al. Defining flyways, discerning population trends and assessing conservation challenges of key Far East Asian Anatidae species:An introduction. Wildfowl, 2020, (S6):1-12.

12 冯晓娟, 米湘成, 肖治术, 等. 中国生物多样性监测与研究网络建设及进展. 中国科学院院刊, 2019, 34(12):1389-1398.

13 Rees E C, Fox A D. Wildfowl Special Issue No.6:Flyway, Population Trends and Conversation Challenges for the Anatidae in Far East Asia. Slimbridge, Gloicestershire:Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, 2020.

14 Wang X, Cao L, Fox A D, et al. Stochastic simulations reveal few green wave surfing populations among spring migrating herbivorous waterfowl. Nature Communications, 2019, 10:2187-2198.

15 Wang X, Cao L, Bysykatova I, et al. The Far East taiga forest unrecognized inhospitable terrain for migrating Arctic-nesting waterbirds?. PeerJ, 2018, 6:e4353.

16 Zhang J J, Xie Y B, Li L X, et al. Assessing site-safeguard effectiveness and habitat preferences of Bar-headed Geese (Anser indicus) at their stopover sites within the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau using GPS/GSM telemetry. Avian Research, 2020, 11(1):49-61.

17 Meng F J, Wang X, Batbayar N, et al. Consistent habitat preference underpins the geographically divergent autumn migration of individual Mongolian common shelducks. Current Zoology, 2020, 66(4):355-362.

18 Barter M, Chen L, Cao L, et al. Waterbird Survey of the Middle and Lower Yangtze River Floodplain in Late January and Early February 2004. Beijing:Forestry Publishing House, 2004.

19 Yu H, Wang X, Cao L, et al. Are declining populations of wild geese in China ‘prisoners’ of their natural habitats? Current Biology, 2017, 27(10):R376-R377.

20 Jia Q, Wang X, Zhang Y, et al. Drivers of waterbird communities and their declines on Yangtze River floodplain lakes. Biological Conservation, 2018, 218:240-246.

21 Meng F J, Li H B, Wang X, et al. Size matters:Wintering ducks stay longer and use fewer habitats on largest Chinese lakes. Avian Research, 2019, 10(1):27-34.

22 Aharon-Rotman Y, McEvoy J, Zheng Z J, et al. Water level affects availability of optimal feeding habitats for threatened migratory waterbirds. Ecology and Evolution, 2017, 7(23):10440-10450.

23 Cao L, Meng F J, Yang W, et al. Effects of length of growing season on biomass accumulation and reproductive investment of Vallisneria natans (Lour.) H. Hara. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 2011, 179(2):115-120.

24 Fox A D, Meng F, Shen X, et al. Effects of shading on Vallisneria natans (Lour.) H. Hara growth. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 2013, doi:10.1051/kmae/2013062.

25 Fox A D, Meng F, Liu J, et al. Effects of the length of inundation periods on investment in tuber biomass and sexual reproduction by Vallisneria spinulosa S.Z. Yan Ramets. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 2014, doi:10.1051/kmae/2014014.

26 Chen Y, Zhang Y, Cao L, et al. Wintering Swan Geese maximize energy intake through substrate foraging depth when feeding on buried Vallisneria natans tubers. Avian Research, 2019, 10:6-13.

27 Fox A D, Cao L, Zhang Y, et al. Declines in the tuber-feeding waterbird guild at Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve, China-A barometer of submerged macrophyte collapse. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2011, 21(1):82-91.

28 Niu Z G, Zhang H Y, Wang X W, et al. Mapping wetland changes in China between 1978 and 2008. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(22):2813-2823.

29 Xu W H, Fan X Y, Ma J G, et al. Hidden Loss of Wetlands in China. Current Biology, 2019, 29(18):3065-3071.e2.

30 Wang W J, Fraser J D, Chen J K. Wintering waterbirds in the middle and lower Yangtze River floodplain:Changes in abundance and distribution. Bird Conservation International, 2017, 27(2):167-186.

31 羊向东, 董旭辉, 陈旭, 等. 长江经济带湖泊环境演变与保护、治理建议. 中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(8):977-987.

32 尹发能. 洪湖自然环境演变研究. 人民长江, 2008, 39(5):19-22.

33 杨桂山, 马超德, 常思勇. 长江保护与发展报告2009. 武汉:长江出版社, 2009.

34 Zhao M J, Cong P H, Barter M, et al. The changing abundance and distribution of Greater White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons in the Yangtze River floodplain:Impacts of recent hydrological changes. Bird Conservation International, 2012, 22(2):135-143.

35 Jia Q, Cao L, Yésou H, et al. Combating aggressive macrophyte encroachment on a typical Yangtze River lake:Lessons from a long-term remote sensing study of vegetation. Aquatic Ecology, 2017, 51(1):177-189.

36 Zhang Y, Jia Q, Prins H H T, et al. Effect of conservation efforts and ecological variables on waterbird population sizes in wetlands of the Yangtze River. Scientific Reports, 2015, 5:17136.

37 星球研究所. 10万座大坝的诞生!. (2021-01-13)[2021-03-01]. https://www.sohu.com/a/444166990_474000.

38 马柱国, 符淙斌, 周天军, 等. 黄河流域气候与水文变化的现状及思考. 中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(1):52-60.

39 Murray N J, Clemens R S, Phinn S R, et al. Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2014, 12(5):267-272.

40 Studds C E, Kendall B E, Murray N J, et al. Rapid population decline in migratory shorebirds relying on Yellow Sea tidal mudflats as stopover sites. Nature Communications, 2017, 8:14895-14991.

41 Zhang B X, Wang X, Meng F J, et al. Contrasting changes in abundance of Falcated Duck Mareca falcata wintering in the Yangtze River floodplain and on the eastern coast of China. Wildfowl, 2020, (S6):267-292.

42 Liu J G, Ouyang Z Y, Pimm S L, et al. Protecting China's biodiversity. Science, 2003, 300:1240-1241.

43 Cao L, Meng F J, Zhang J J, et al. Moving forward:How best to use the results of waterbird monitoring and telemetry studies to safeguard the future of Far East Asian Anatidae species. Wildfowl, 2020, (S6):293-319.

44 Curry A. The Internet of animals that could help to save vanishing wildlife. Nature, 2018, 562:322-326.

45 Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Science/AAAS. 125 questions:Exploration and discovery. (2021-04-08)[2021-04-10]. https://www.sciencemag.org/collections/125-questions-explorationand-discovery.

46 Gu Z R, Pan S K, Lin Z Z, et al. Climate-driven flyway changes and memory-based long-distance migration. Nature, 2021, 591:259-264.

47 Cao L, Fox A D. Birds and people both depend on China's wetlands. Nature, 2009, 460:173-173.

48 Cao L, Wang X, Fox A D. Letter to the editor regarding:Sponge Wetlands:Restoring functional flood relief to China's great rivers. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 2018, 26(5):729-731.

49 Xu W H, Xiao Y, Zhang J J, et al. Strengthening protected areas for biodiversity and ecosystem services in China. PNAS, 2017, 114(7):1601-1606.

50 史自强. 让"华北明珠"重绽光芒——《白洋淀生态环境治理和保护规划》解读. (2019-01-12)[2021-03-01]. http://society.people.com.cn/gb/n1/2019/0112/c1008-30523938.html.

51 Yan M, Yi K P, Zhang J J, et al. Flyway connectivity and population status of the Greylag Goose Anser anser in East Asia. Wildfowl, 2020, (S6):157-180.

Included in

Biodiversity Commons

Share

COinS