Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Artificial Intelligence, Parallel Intelligence, Parallel Philosophy, Intelligent Industries, Intelligent Economics, Parallel Economics, Intelligent Education, Parallel Education

Document Type

Philosophy and Science


What are the nature and goal of Intelligent Technology? What are the origin and mission of Intelligent Science? What are the impact and significance of Intelligent Industries to our societies and the future development of Human Being? Starting from the topic of AlphaGo, based on Karl Popper's Three Worlds theory, this article addresses the above questions and discussed the beginning and trend of Artificial Intelligence and Parallel Intelligence. It then proposes Parallel Philosophy as the new philosophy system for Intelligent Science and Intelligent Technology, which extends the scope of traditional philosophy from Being, Becoming to Believing, and the corresponding Knowledge system from Descriptive, Predictive, to Prescriptive Knowledge. Intelligent Education and Smart Economics are used as two most important examples in the study here.

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Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences

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