China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, landslide, debris flow, spatial pattern, risk assessment, development trend, disaster mitigation countermeasures, Belt and Road Initiative
Challenge and Countermeasure for Promoting Green Belt and Road
Landslides and debris flows caused significant threat to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. This study introduced the spatial pattern of the relevant mountainous hazards and assessed the hazards risks, predicted the development trends, and proposed the relevant countermeasures as well. 584 landslides, 116 collapses, and 1669 mudslides in total were identified, which mainly distributed in the mountainous areas in the northern part of the corridor. The hazards were divided into five grades: extremely high, high, medium, low, and extremely low and the northern area is highly dangerous. The vulnerability assessment was carried out with traffic, economy, and population as indicators, and then the risk assessment results were comprehensively obtained. In general, the risk is higher in the northern part and lower in the southeast. In the future, as the intensity of earthquakes increases, the area of high-susceptibility landslides will gradually increase from 0.01% to 1.4% of the studied area, and these hazards are mainly distributed between the northern segment of Aikenert fault and Kazitaert fault, the northern segment of Miya fault and the central region of Bulunkou fault. According to the trend that rainfall and temperature increase, the susceptibility of debris flows in most river basins has increased. It is recommended to strengthen basic data collection and detailed investigation of key disaster points, and carry out early risk assessment and monitoring and early warning, while formulating emergency plans, which serves the safe construction of major projects along the Belt and Road.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Original Submission Date
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ZOU, Qiang; GUO, Xiaojun; LUO, Yu; JIANG, Yuanjun; CUI, Peng; SU, Lijun; OU, Guoqiang; PAN, Huali; and LIU, Weiming
"Spatial Pattern and Response of Landslide and Debris Flow Risks in China-Pakistan Economic Corridor,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 36
, Article 6.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol36/iss2/6