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Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Keywords

joint funds; National Natural Science Foundation of China; basic research; diversified investment

Document Type

Operation System and Management of National Natural Science Foundation of China in New Era

Abstract

It is one of the key tasks of science and technology in China to adjust the investment structure of basic research funds and accelerate the construction of multiple investment pattern. The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) plays an important role in leveraging diversified investment in basic research. At present, the joint funds are the main way for NSFC to guide diversified investment in basic research in China. It is a successful exploration for NSFC to meet national needs, guide diversified investment, promote resource sharing and multilateral cooperation. Nevertheless, on the one hand, the cooperation of the joint funds is limited to state-owned organizations, institutions, and enterprises, but has not been extended to private sectors. On the other hand, the management system and operation mode cannot fully reflect the inherent property of the cooperative investment of the joint funds. Thus, it is suggested that the joint funds break through the boundary between public and private sectors in terms of management philosophy to realize the transformation to the public-private partnership (PPP) cooperation model of R&D; set up a relatively independent "Joint Funds Management Center" to improve the governance system and mechanism; establish and improve the evaluation criteria and mechanism for the utilization of results that are in line with the characteristics of the joint funds. In the new stage of development, it is necessary to solve the long-standing problem that NSFC has been unable to receive donations from society. Based on the analysis that the NSFC's acceptance of social donations is a "public trust" behavior, this study figures out that NSFC should first be given the qualification and identity to accept social donations legally and in compliance. It is suggested to set up a "China Science Fund Public Trust Center" to break through the existing institutional barriers and promote the NSFC to accept social donations.

First page

1448

Last Page

1455

Language

Chinese

Publisher

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Original Submission Date

2021-11-26

References

1 国家自然科学基金委与城乡建设部联合资助一批科学基金研究项目. 人民日报, 1987-01-13(03). 2 刘作仪, 韩宇, 赵学文. 关于联合资助工作的现状分析与政策建议. 中国科学基金, 2003, 27(6):354-359. 3 李静海. 全面深化科学基金改革更好发挥在国家创新体系中的基础引领作用. 中国科学基金, 2019, 33(3):209-214. 4 李会红, 卢宇, 曾钢. 大科学装置科学研究联合基金十年资助管理工作综述. 中国科学基金, 2019, 33(4):367-374. 5 薛薇, 魏世杰. 新时代我国引导社会资金投入科学研究的支持政策研究. 中国软科学, 2021, (5):59-69. 6 OECD. Public/private partnerships for innovations//OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2004. Paris:OECD Publishing, 2005:87-111.

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