Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Yangtze River Economic Belt; ecological status; environmental issues; protection strategy

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The Yangtze River Economic Belt is a major regional development strategy of China, to form the backbone axis of the national "one body and two wings" development and opening-up pattern. This paper systematically analyzed ecological background and status of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, such as ecosystem service value of Yangtze River, ecological location, ecological types, ecological geographic pattern, natural conditions and natural ecological disasters. Then the major ecological and environmental issues were summarized, including serious water and air pollution, dramatic degradation of main tributaries of the Yangtze River and lakes, the increasing cumulative ecological and environmental impacts of major projects, and the unharmonious relationship between rivers and lakes. Finally, four protection strategies were proposed to ensure successful implementation of the well-coordinated environmental conservation and avoiding excessive development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, including: implementing water quality goals management by stressing water eco-environmental protection of the Yangtze River with the top priority; forming a land and space development pattern dominated by intensive, concentrated spatial development and natural and open ecological space; continuing to implement the green ecological protection project of the Yangtze River Economic Belt; and breaking the division of departments and localities, and implementing comprehensive watershed management.

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Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


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