Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


spatial governance; sustainability; human-nature coupling; spatial planning; unified geography

Document Type



As an important field in the construction of ecological civilization, spatial governance is a relatively weak field in China's governance system. In the past 40 years of rapid economic development, unbalanced regional development, disharmony between nature and society, and disordered spatial structure have become prominent problems. In the support of space governance, science and technology have problems such as the division of natural sciences and social sciences, the imperfect data co-construction and sharing mechanism, and the disconnection of scientific research and decision-making management, which seriously hinders the need for the modernization of governance systems. The formation of an adapting strategy for the modernization of China's space governance by a technologically powerful country is of great significance for China to realize the transition from a well-off society to a modern society, and for China to improve its level in the global governance system. On the basis of discussing the complexity of space governance objects, the scientization of government decision-making and management, and the general trend of science and technology serving social development, this study proposes a new framework of science and technology innovation oriented to space governance, which is dominated by theoretical innovation, data construction, and knowledge application. Combined with the analysis of innovative key scientific issues, focusing on the needs of the whole process of territorial planning with determining the planning objectives, applying analytical methods, developing layout plans, improving the control system, supporting safeguard measures, implementing dynamic management, etc., this study systematically discusses the two major issues of developing a unified geographic theory system and data foundation. Among them, the main points of the theoretical system include: the comprehensive equilibrium theory of space, the coupling mechanism of natural and social systems, the evolution law of regional function-spatial structure, the spatial interaction relationship, the spatial governance mechanism, and the reverse decoupling principle of geographical process-geographical pattern.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


习近平.为建设世界科技强国而奋斗在全国科技创新大会两院院士大会中国科协第九次全国代表大会上的讲话.北京:人民出版社, 2016.

习近平.坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化.社会主义论坛, 2020, (1):4-7.

王志刚.以科技创新支撑国家治理体系和治理能力现代化.机关党建研究, 2020, (2):16-18.

The Commission on Global Governance. Our Global Neighborhood:The Report of The Commission on Global Governance. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1995.

樊杰.我国空间治理体系现代化在"十九大"后的新态势.中国科学院院刊, 2017, 32(4):396-404.

樊杰.国家汶川地震灾后重建规划——资源环境承载能力评价.北京:科学出版社, 2009.

Fan J. How Chinese Human Geographers Influence Decision Makers & Society. Beijing:The Commercial Press, 2016.

高吉喜.国家生态保护红线体系建设构想.环境保护, 2014, 42(Z1):18-21.

Fan J, Wang Q, Wang Y F, et al. Assessment of coastal development policy based on simulating a sustainable landuse scenario for Liaoning Coastal Zone in China. Land Degradation & Development, 2018, 29(8):2390-2402.

陈发虎, 傅伯杰, 夏军, 等.近70年来中国自然地理与生存环境基础研究的重要进展与展望.中国科学:地球科学, 2019, 49(11):1659-1696.

樊杰, 王亚飞, 汤青, 等.全国资源环境承载能力监测预警(2014版)学术思路与总体技术流程.地理科学, 2015, 35(1):1-10.

樊杰, 周侃, 王亚飞.全国资源环境承载能力预警(2016版)的基点和技术方法进展.地理科学进展, 2017, 36(3):266-276.

Fan J, Wang Y F, Ouyang Z Y, et al. Risk forewarning of regional development sustainability based on a natural resources and environmental carrying index in China. Earth's Future, 2017, 5(2):196-213.

白春礼.构建现代科技创新治理体系全面提升科技创新供给能力.中国党政干部论坛, 2018, (6):6-9.

本刊特约评论员.迎接融合科学与科学数据开放共享新时代.中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(1):1-2.

刘伟平.服务国家宏观决策建设高水平科技智库.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(8):851-856.

Fang C L. The basic law of the formation and expansion in urban agglomerations. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2019, 29(10):1699-1712.

Liu Y S. Introduction to land use and rural sustainability in China. Land Use Policy, 2018, 74:1-4.

Ouyang Z Y, Zheng H, Xiao Y, et al. Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital. Science, 2016, 352(6292):1455-1459.

黄宝荣, 马永欢, 黄凯, 等.推动以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系改革的思考.中国科学院院刊, 2018, 33(12):1342-1351.

樊杰.中国人文地理学70年创新发展与学术特色.中国科学:地球科学, 2019, 49(11):1697-1719.

Fan J. Chinese human geography and its contributions. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2016, 26(8):987-1000.

钟林生, 邓羽, 陈田, 等.新地域空间——国家公园体制构建方案讨论.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(1):126-133.

Liu W D, Dunford M, Gao B Y. A discursive construction of the Belt and Road Initiative:From neo-liberal to inclusive globalization. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2018, 28(9):1199-1214.

刘卫东. "一带一路":引领包容性全球化.中国科学院院刊, 2017, 32(4):332-339.

傅伯杰.地理学综合研究的途径与方法:格局与过程耦合.地理学报, 2014, 69(8):1052-1059.

傅伯杰.地理学:从知识、科学到决策.地理学报, 2017, 72(11):1923-1932.

宋长青, 程昌秀, 杨晓帆, 等.理解地理"耦合"实现地理"集成".地理学报, 2020, 75(1):3-13.

于贵瑞, 何洪林, 周玉科.大数据背景下的生态系统观测与研究.中国科学院院刊, 2018, 33(8):832-837.

周成虎.全空间地理信息系统展望.地理科学进展, 2015, 34(2):129-131.