cryosphere disaster; discipline construction; future prospect
Cryosphere disasters include continental cryosphere disaster, marine cryosphere disaster, and aerial cryosphere disasters and these disasters are widespread and have caused great loss and influence. With the increasing frequency and intensity of cryosphere disasters caused by climate warming, the cryosphere region faces severe challenges in poverty eradication, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and sustainable economic and social development. Early cryosphere disaster studies mainly focus on the disaster events, disaster effects, and prevention of single disaster, concentrating on avalanche, glacial lake outburst, and glacier debris flow disasters. Since the 1980s, the research scope of cryosphere disaster science is gradually expanding, some of cryosphere disaster received extensive attention and further research such as permafrost disasters, sea ice disasters, and ice jam/flood disaster. In recent 10 years, with the establishment and improvement of cryosphere science system, the discipline system of cryosphere disaster science is developing and making significant progress in cryosphere disaster risk, impact and adaptation. Based on previous studies, this paper elaborates on the connotation of cryosphere disaster science, reviews the spatiotemporal characteristics of cryosphere disaster and its comprehensive influence, and then puts forward some suggestions on the construction and development of cryosphere disaster science in the future.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
王世金, 效存德.全球冰冻圈灾害高风险区:影响与态势.科学通报, 2019, 64(9):891-901.
王世金, 任贾文.国内外雪崩灾害研究综述.地理科学进展, 2012, 31(11):1529-1536.
Wang S J, Qin D H, Xiao C D. Moraine-dammed lake distribution and outburst flood risk in the Chinese Himalaya. Journal of Glaciology, 2015, 61(225):115-126.
王世金, 汪宙峰.冰湖溃决灾害综合风险评估与管控:以中国喜马拉雅山区为例.北京:中国社会科学出版社, 2017.
Veh G, Korup O, Walz A. Hazard from Himalayan glacier lake outburst floods. PNAS, 2020, 117(2):907-912.
Mukherjee K, Bolch T, Goerlich F, et al. Surge-type glaciers in the Tien Shan (Central Asia). Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 2017, 49:147-171.
Kääb A, Leinss S, Gilbert A, et al. Massive collapse of two glaciers in western Tibet in 2016 after surge-like instability. Nature Geoscience, 2018, 11:114-120.
Hjort J, Karjalainen Q, Aalto J, et al. Degrading permafrost puts Arctic infrastructure atrisk by mid-century. Nature Communications, 2018, 9:5147.
Mironov Y, Klyachkin S, Benzeman V, et al. Ice Phenomena Threatening Arctic Shipping. Fair Lawn: Backbone Publishing Company, 2012.
Kubat I, Fowler C D, Sayed M. Floating ice and ice pressure challenge to ships//Shroder J F, Haeberli W, Whiteman C. Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks and Disasters. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015: 647-676.
Shroder J F, Ellis J T, Sherman D J. Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015.
Fritz M, Vonk J E, Lantuit H. Collapsing Arctic coastlines. Nature Climate Change, 2017, 7:6-7.
Wright L D, Wei W, Morris J. Coastal erosion and land loss: Causes and impacts//Wright L, Nichols C. Tomorrow's Coasts: Complex and Impermanent. Cham: Springer, 2019: 137-150.
温家洪, 袁穗萍, 李大力, 等.海平面上升及其风险管理.地球科学进展, 2018, 33(44):350.
Allen J T, Giammanco I M, Kumjian M R, et al. Understanding hail in the Earth System. Reviews of Geophysics, 2020, 58(1):e2019RG000665.
Wang S J, Zhou L Y, Wei Y Q. Integrated risk assessment of snow disaster (SD) over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 2019, 10(1):740-757.
王欣, 刘时银, 丁永建, 等.中国喜马拉雅山冰碛湖溃决灾害评价方法与应用研究.北京:科学出版社, 2016.
刘时银, 张勇, 刘巧, 等.气候变化对冰川影响与风险研究.北京:科学出版社, 2017.
Carrivick J L, Tweed F S. A global assessment of the societal impacts of glacier outburst floods. Global and Planetary Change, 2016, 144:1-16.
Shiklomanov N, Streletskiy D, Nelson F. Northern hemisphere component of the Global Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) Program//Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Permafrost. Salekhard: The Northern Publisher, 2012: 377-382.
Raynolds M K, Walker D A, Ambrosius K J, et al. Cumulative geoecological effects of 62 years of infrastructure and climate change in ice-rich permafrost landscapes, Prudhoe Bay Oilfield, Alaska. Global Change Biology, 2014, 20:1211-1224.
左常圣, 范文静, 邓丽静, 等.近60年渤黄海海冰灾害演变特征与经济损失浅析.海洋经济, 2019, 9(2):50-54.
Wahl T, Haigh I D, Nicholls R J, et al. Understanding extreme sea levels for broad-scale coastal impact and adaptation analysis. Nature Communications, 2017, 8:16075.
毛淑君, 李栋梁.基于气象要素的我国南方低温雨雪冰冻综合评估.冰川冻土, 2015, 37(1):14-26.
温家洪, 石勇, 杜士强, 等.自然灾害风险分析与管理导论.北京:科学出版社, 2018.
Shijin, WANG and Jiahong, WEN
"Characteristics, Influence of Cryosphere Disaster and Prospect of Discipline Development,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 35
, Article 15.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol35/iss4/15