Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)
biosafety; public health; strategic bioresources
In recent years, with the growing population, the significant changes in climate, the constant emergence of extreme weather and natural disasters, as well as the influence of the disruptive development of modern biotechnology and the globalization of economic and trade processes, the global biosafety risks and destabilizing factors have been increased, and the new outbreaks of infectious diseases is also increased explosively. These brought new challenges for the modernization of China's biosafety governance system and governance capabilities. Aiming at the main risks and challenges of global biosafety, this work analyzes the contents and main points of national biosafety strategy and strategic studies in the US, UK, Japan, and other countries since 2018. Meanwhile, some suggestions are put forward to strengthen the construction of national biosafety strategy system, laws and regulations systems, and collaborative innovation system, and further improve the national biosafety governance system and governance capacity building.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Yuan W, Zheng Y, Piao S, et al. Increased atmospheric vapor pressure deficit reduces global vegetation growth. Science Advances, 2019, 5(8):1396-1407.
World Economic Forum, PwC. Nature Risk Rising:Why the Crisis Engulfing Nature Matters for Business and the Economy. Geneva:WEF, 2020.
Wintle B C, Boehm C R, Rhodes C, et al. Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering.[2017-11-14]. https://elifesciences.org/articles/30247.
关武祥, 陈新文.新发和烈性传染病的防控与生物安全.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(4):423-431.
Cameron E, Katz R, Konyndyk J, et al. A Spreading Plague: Lessons and Recommendations for Responding to a Deliberate Biological Event. Washington DC: Nuclear Threat Initiative, 2019.
Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Event 201 pandemic exercise underscores immediate need for global public-private cooperation to mitigate severe economic and societal impacts of pandemics.[2019-10-17]. http://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/event201/191017-press-release.html.
Nuclear Threat Initiative, World Economic Forum. Biosecurity Innovation and Risk Reduction: A Global Framework for Accessible, Safe and Secure DNA synthesis. Geneva: WEF, 2020.
U.S. Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, and Agriculture. National Biodefense Strategy. Washington DC: The White House, 2018.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. United States Health Security National Action Plan: strengthening implementation of the International Health Regulations based on the 2016 Joint External Evaluation. Washington DC: HHS, 2018.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Health Security Strategy Implementation Plan 2019-2022. Washington DC: HHS, 2019.
U.K. Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, Department of Health and Social Care, and Home Office. UK Biological Security Strategy. London: The Home Office, 2018.
U.K. Department of Health and Social Care. Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance 2019-2024: the UK's Five-year National Action Plan. London: DHSC, 2019.
U.K. Parliament. New inquiry: Government's approach to infectious diseases and bioweapons examined.[2019-07-18]. https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/joint-select/national-security-strategy/newsparliament-2017/biosecurity-human-health-launch-17-19/.
統合イノベーション戦略推進会議. ﾊﾞｲｵ戦略2019: 国内外から共感されるﾊﾞｲｵｺﾐｭﾆﾃｨの形成に向けて.東京: 内閣官房イノベーション推進室, 2019.
ﾊﾞｲｵｾｷｭﾘﾃｨ研究会.第6回ﾊﾞｲｵｾｷｭﾘﾃｨ研究会会議録·テー マ: 次世代のバイオセキュリティ.[2019-03-29]. https://biosecurity.jp/keywords/issues/1373.
Fang, CHEN; Zhiqiang, ZHANG; Chenjun, DING; and Xiaoyan, WU
"Analysis of Global Biosafety Strategy and Recommendations to China,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 35
, Article 10.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol35/iss2/10