relative poverty areas (RPAs); sustainable development; natural carrying capacity; major function zoning; regional coordination
Based on the systematic review of the research progress on China's relative poverty, this study discussed the distribution characteristics of the relative poverty areas (RPAs), the basis of regional function types, and proposed the policy recommendations. There are three main periods concerning sustainable development research on RPAs: (1) The concept of "relative poverty" was adopted for the first time to carry out scientific research on regional sustainable development. (2) It supported the RPAs to become an important type of the area to promote sustainable development policies in underdeveloped areas in China. (3) It deployed a protracted battle in advance to support the development of RPAs before the comprehensive accomplishment of anti-poverty. The change characteristics of the RPAs and the regional function types indicated that the scale of the relative poverty population in China has remained at around 200 million for a long time, and the pattern of concentrated distribution has not changed. Meanwhile, taking ecological service function as the main regional function types, areas with and lack of development conditions coexist in the RPAs constrained by the natural carrying capacity. Policy recommendations are proposed to promote the simultaneous realization of modernization in the RPAs on a higher stage as follows. From a global perspective, the optimization regulation and spatial governance of the Man-Land system should be carried out to stabilize the national defense, ecological, food, energy, and social security. For regions with development potential, the comparative advantages of the resources and ecology should be transformed into economic advantages through mechanism innovation, thereby solving the intergenerational transfer under "path dependence" and the interregional exfoliation under the "Matthew effect". For regions lack of development conditions, natural carrying capacity should be steadily unloaded, the mountain, forest, farmland, lake, and grassland should be conserved systematically, and the equalization level of basic public services should be improved comprehensively.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
何秀荣.改革40年的农村反贫困认识与后脱贫战略前瞻.农村经济, 2018, (11):1-8.
汪三贵, 曾小溪.从区域扶贫开发到精准扶贫——改革开放40年中国扶贫政策的演进及脱贫攻坚的难点和对策.农业经济问题, 2018, 39(8):40-50.
孙久文, 夏添.中国扶贫战略与2020年后相对贫困线划定——基于理论、政策和数据的分析.中国农村经济, 2019, (10):98-113.
杨骅骝, 周绍杰, 胡鞍钢.中国式扶贫:实践、成就、经验与展望.国家行政学院学报, 2018, (6):140-144.
周侃, 盛科荣, 樊杰, 等.我国相对贫困地区高质量发展内涵及综合施策路径.中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(7):895-906.
叶兴庆, 殷浩栋.从消除绝对贫困到缓解相对贫困:中国减贫历程与2020年后的减贫战略.改革, 2019, (12):5-15.
郭之天, 陆汉文.相对贫困的界定:国际经验与启示.南京农业大学学报(社会科学版), 2020, 20(4):100-111.
周侃, 王传胜.中国贫困地区时空格局与差别化脱贫政策研究.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(1):101-111.
周侃, 樊杰.中国欠发达地区资源环境承载力特征与影响因素——以宁夏西海固地区和云南怒江州为例.地理研究, 2015, 34(1):39-52.
樊杰.主体功能区战略与优化国土空间开发格局.中国科学院院刊, 2013, 28(2):193-206.
樊杰.中国主体功能区划方案.地理学报, 2015, 70(2):186-201.
徐勇, 王传胜.黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展:框架、路径与对策.中国科学院院刊, 2020, 35(7):875-883.
Jie, FAN; Kan, ZHOU; and Jianxiong, WU
"Typical Study on Sustainable Development in Relative Poverty Areas and Policy Outlook of China,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 35
, Article 8.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol35/iss10/8