Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


women's poverty alleviation; rural revitalization; gender bias; digital divide

Document Type



Women's poverty alleviation is an indispensable part of poverty alleviation, and it plays a vital role in blocking the intergenerational transmission of poverty, improving women's well-being, and building a harmonious and happy family. 2020 is the key node for poverty alleviation to rejuvenation in poverty-stricken areas across the country. In this context, it is of great significance to in-depth study of women's poverty alleviation in the new era. This article first points out the 4 problems that women face in poverty alleviation: gender bias in the countryside, the digital divide, the absence of non-governmental organizations, and the lack of gender awareness in poverty alleviation practices. Next, it introduces the theoretical foundation, international women's poverty alleviation experience and typical scenarios of Chinese women's poverty alleviation. On the basis of these, four suggestions are put forward: one is to internalize gender equality as a rural social code of conduct; the second is to increase training to eliminate the digital divide; the third is to increase the level of socialization of family labor; the fourth is to build an inclusive, flexible and sustainable mechanism for women's poverty alleviation. We hope this paper could provide a reference for women's poverty alleviation in the future.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


聂常虹, 王雷.我国贫困妇女脱贫问题政策研究.中国科学院院刊, 2019, 34(1):51-59.

吴惠芳.农村妇女扶贫面临的新挑战.妇女研究论丛, 2016, 25(6):12-14.

Rowntree B S. Poverty:A study of Town Life. London:Macmillan & Company, 1902.

马新文.阿玛蒂亚森的权利贫困理论与方法述评.国外社会科学, 2008, 2(2):69-74.

森任赜, 于真.以自由看待发展.北京:中国人民大学出版社, 2012.

胡小勇, 徐步霄, 杨沈龙, 等.心理贫困:概念、表现及其干预.心理科学, 2019, 42(5):1224-1229.

Haushofer J, Fehr E. On the psychology of poverty. Science, 2014, 344(6186):862-867.

朱霞梅.反贫困的理论与实践研究.上海:复旦大学, 2010.

马克思.资本论(全3册).上海:上海三联书店, 2009.

Alsop R, Bertelsen M, Holland J. Empowerment in Practice:From Analysis to Implementation. Washington DC:World Bank Publications, 2005.

何杨.基于STS视角的技术领域的性别平等问题研究.长沙:湖南大学, 2015.

Branisa B, Klasen S, Ziegler M, et al. Gender inequality in social institutions and gendered development outcomes. World Development, 2013, 45:252-268.

Narayan D. Measuring Empowerment:Cross Disciplinary Perspectives. Washington DC:World Bank Publications, 2005.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families 12th Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2014 and 2015.[2020-09-30], chromeextension://ibllepbpahcoppkjjllbabhnigcbffpi/https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/ofa/12th_annual_tanf_report_to_congress_final.pdf.

杨得前, 彭文栋, 肖莹.美国家庭援助计划研究及其对我国的启示.中国行政管理, 2017, 33(11):145-150.

汪三贵.巴西的有条件现金转移支付计划.学习时报, 2016-03-17(02).

Campoli J S, Alves P N, Rossato F G F S, et al. The efficiency of Bolsa Familia Program to advance toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs):A human development indicator to Brazil. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 2020, 71(3):100748.

Rasella D, Aquino R, Santos C A T, et al. Effect of a conditional cash transfer programme on childhood mortality:A nationwide analysis of Brazilian municipalities. The Lancet, 2013, 382:57-64.

亚历山德罗·平莎尼, 瓦尔基里娅·多米尼克·莱奥·雷戈, 高静宇.巴西的扶贫政策:家庭补助金计划对受益者的影响.国外理论动态, 2015, 25(8):88-97.

Martorano B, Sanfilippo M. Innovative features in poverty reduction programmes:An impact evaluation of Chile Solidario on households and children. Journal of International Development, 2012, 24(8):1030-1041.

张波.新时代贵州妇女特色手工产业的发展、探索与启示——以锦绣计划为例.贵州民族研究, 2019, 40(3):70-74.