Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


source region of Yellow River; climate change; water resources; vegetation coverage; countermeasures

Document Type



The source region of Yellow River is the most important water source and in contributing more than 37% of the total streamflow of the whole Yellow River, which makes great significance for water resources security, food production, and the ecological environment in the lower reaches of the river. Clarifying the changes in climatic hydrology and vegetation coverage, especially grassland degradation in the source region of Yellow River is not only a prerequisite for a deep understanding of the hydrological cycle mechanism of this region, but also an accurate grasp of the water resources and ecological environment in the source region and in the middle and lower reaches. Moreover, it is the core issue of implementing the requirements of President Xi Jinping's "ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin". According to the meteorological datasets, the source region of Yellow River has experienced a significant warming and wetting process since 1951, and has declined in the 1990s, but the temperature and precipitation have increased at a faster rate since 2000, which has led to the melting of glacial and snow, the increased evapotranspiration, and shrinkage of frozen soil. However, due to the intensification of water loss in various processes and the impact of human activities, this humidification cannot be converted into effective water resources, and the observed and natural streamflow have shown decreasing trends. Moreover, the continuously degraded grassland has continuously reduced the regional water conservation capacity and the ecological environment has continued to deteriorate. Facing the severe water resources and ecological environment challenges of the source region of Yellow River, we recommend that (1) ecological environmental protection be given priority; (2) the orderly development and utilization of water resources; (3) the harmonious coexistence of social production and the natural environment; and (4) the implementation of an orderly adaptation to climate change as a strategic perspective.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


陈利群, 刘昌明.黄河源区气候和土地覆被变化对径流的影响.中国环境科学, 2007, 27(4):559-565.

习近平.在黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展座谈会上的讲话.求是, 2019, (20):1-5.

Hu Y, Maskey S, Uhlenbrook S, et al. Streamflow trends and climate linkages in the source region of the Yellow River, China. Hydrological Processes, 2011, 25(22):3399-3411.

Liu Q, Cui B. Impacts of climate change/variability on the streamflow in the Yellow River Basin, China. Ecological Modelling, 2011, 222(2):268-274.

马雪宁, 张明军, 黄小燕, 等.黄河上游流域近49a气候变化特征和未来变化趋势分析.干旱区资源与环境, 2012, 26(6):17-23.

杨建平, 丁永建, 刘时银, 等.长江黄河源区冰川变化及其对河川径流的影响.自然资源学报, 2003, 18(5):595-602.

Zhang G, Xie H, Kang S, et al. Monitoring lake level changes on the Tibetan Plateau using ICESat altimetry data (2003-2009). Remote Sensing of Environment, 2011, 115(7):1733-1742.

Long D, Pan Y, Zhou J, et al. Global analysis of spatiotemporal variability in merged total water storage changes using multiple GRACE products and global hydrological models. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, 192:198-216.

Rodell M, Famiglietti J S, Wiese D N, et al. Emerging trends in global freshwater availability. Nature, 2018, 557:651-659.

蒋宗立, 刘时银, 郭万钦, 等.黄河源区阿尼玛卿山典型冰川表面高程近期变化.冰川冻土, 2018, 40(2):231-237.

吕爱锋, 贾绍凤, 燕华云, 等.三江源地区融雪径流时间变化特征与趋势分析.资源科学, 2009, 31(10):76-81.

Wen L, Lv S, Li Z, et al. Impacts of the two biggest lakes on local temperature and precipitation in the Yellow River Source Region of the Tibetan Plateau. Advances in Meteorology, 2015, (2015):1-10.

金会军, 王绍令, 吕兰芝, 等.黄河源区冻土特征及退化趋势.冰川冻土, 2010, 32(1):10-17.

文军, 蓝永超, 苏中波, 等.黄河源区陆面过程观测和模拟研究进展.地球科学进展, 2011, 26(6):575-585.

马帅, 盛煜, 曹伟, 等.黄河源区多年冻土空间分布变化特征数值模拟.地理学报, 2017, 72(9):1621-1633.

黄荣辉, 周德刚.气候变化对黄河径流以及源区生态和冻土环境的影响.自然杂志, 2012, 34(1):1-9.

张艳芳, 吴春玲, 张宏运, 等.黄河源区植被指数与干旱指数时空变化特征.山地学报, 2017, 35(2):142-150.

任怡, 王义民, 畅建霞, 等.基于多源指标信息的黄河流域干旱特征对比分析.自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(4):106-115.

Yang Q, Li M X, Zheng Z Y, et al. Regional applicability of seven meteorological drought indices in China. Science China Earth Sciences, 2017, 60:745-760.

董晓辉, 姚治君, 陈传友.黄河源区径流变化及其对降水的响应.资源科学, 2007, 29(3):67-73.

Zheng H, Zhang L, Liu C, et al. Changes in stream flow regime in headwater catchments of the Yellow River basin since the 1950s. Hydrological Processes, 2007, 21(7):886-893.

谷源泽, 李庆金, 杨风栋, 等.黄河源地区水文水资源及生态环境变化研究.海洋湖沼通报, 2002, (1):18-25.

马柱国.黄河径流量的历史演变规律及成因.地球物理学报, 2005, 48(6):1270-1275.

周德刚, 黄荣辉.黄河源区水文收支对近代气候变化的响应.科学通报, 2012, 57(15):1345-1352.

张士锋, 贾绍凤.降水不均匀性对黄河天然径流量的影响.地理科学进展, 2001, 20(4):355-363.

张国宏, 王晓丽, 郭慕萍, 等.近60a黄河流域地表径流变化特征及其与气候变化的关系.干旱区资源与环境, 2013, 27(7):91-95.

Lv, M X, Ma Z G, Li M X, et al. Quantitative analysis of terrestrial water storage changes under the Grain for Green program in the Yellow River basin. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 2019, 124:1336-1351.

张镱锂, 刘林山, 摆万奇, 等.黄河源地区草地退化空间特征.地理学报, 2006, 61(1):3-14.

邴龙飞, 邵全琴, 刘纪远, 等.近30年黄河源头土地覆被变化特征分析.地球信息科学学报, 2011, 13(3):289-296.

潘竟虎, 刘菊玲.黄河源区土地利用和景观格局变化及其生态环境效应.干旱区资源与环境, 2005, 19(4):69-74.

郄妍飞, 颜长珍, 宋翔, 等.近30a黄河源地区荒漠遥感动态监测.中国沙漠, 2008, 28(3):405-409.

杨一鹏, 郭泺, 黄琦, 等.黄河源头地区土地覆盖的时空变化特征.生态科学, 2013, 32(1):98-103.

邵全琴, 赵志平, 刘纪远, 等.近30年来三江源地区土地覆被与宏观生态变化特征.地理研究, 2010, 29(8):1439-1451.

杜继稳, 梁生俊, 胡春娟, 等.植被覆盖变化对区域气候影响的数值模拟研究进展.西北林学院学报, 2001, 16(2):22-27.

刘纪远, 徐新良, 邵全琴.近30年来青海三江源地区草地退化的时空特征.地理学报, 2008, 63(4):364-376.