biological collection; biological specimen; strategic biological resources
With the increasing impact of global environmental change and human activities on biodiversity, human beings will face significant needs in the areas of biodiversity awareness, conservation and sustainable use, and national biosafety. The Biological Collections of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) include the Biological Collections/Museums belonging to 18 scientific research institutes of CAS. It is the main place for preservation, research, and scientific education of animal, plant, fungus, and fossil specimens in China. Among them, there are two institutes who are leading the National Animal Collection and the National Herbarium, respectively, which are listed into the National Science and Technology Infrastructure of China. The collection reserve, management, and utilization of specimens in the Biological Collections of CAS represent the overall level of strategic biological resources in China. It plays an irreplaceable role in the protection and sustainable utilization of national biological resources and plays an important supporting and ensuring role in national biological safety. Based on a comprehensive analysis of its overall status, the basic orientation, composition and layout characteristics of the Biological Collections of CAS, the scale, composition and characteristics of the specimen collection, and comparison with those of the developed countries were expounded in the present paper. The authors also systematically summarized achievements of CAS relied on Biological Collections in the fields of strategic biological resources collection and preservation, classical taxonomic research, Fauna and Flora compilation, specimen information digitization, science popularization, and so on, and expounded their supporting role in frontier scientific research, major national needs, and national economy. In addition, the key problems about collecting, preserving, researching, and sustainable utilizing biological specimen resources, information and data sharing, as well as the "bottleneck" problems restricting the operation and development of Biological Collections were analyzed, and a specific ideas for the construction of the National Biological Collection, the outlook of the plan for collecting biological specimens resources and operation mode of Biological Collections in the future were proposed.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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"Current Situation and Future of Biological Collections of Chinese Academy of Sciences,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 34
, Article 3.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol34/iss12/3