China; Central Asia; uranium mining; cooperative development; prospects; countermeasures
Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia are among the most abundant areas of uranium resources in the world, and have the characteristics of large uranium reserves, concentrated distribution, and favorable mining conditions. Since 2009, the uranium production has been ranked first in the world for a long time, accounting for 43.5% of the world's total extraction in 2016 (91% of which are distributed in Kazakhstan). The cooperation between China and the Central Asia in uranium mining started in 2005 and has developed rapidly since 2010. This study analyzed the necessity and feasibility of cooperation development of uranium mining between China and Central Asia, and elucidated the cooperative development model from uranium trade, uranium exploration and extraction, as well as processing of nuclear fuel components. Also, the prospect of cooperative development was predicted in this study. The main conclusions are as follows. Before 2030, the uranium mining in Central Asia could meet the requirement of 70% to 75% of China's nuclear power demand for imported natural uranium. Later, with the rapid consumption of uranium resources in Central Asia, the degree of guarantee in 2035 would fall to 40% to 50%. Finally, this study put forward several suggestions for strengthening and deepening cooperation development of uranium mining between China and Central Asia as following. Firstly, we ought to lead the cooperative development with the concept of "five links". Secondly, we need to compile the "outline for cooperation and development plan of China and Central Asia" as soon as possible. Thirdly, we should identify the focus of future cooperation and development. Fourthly, the status and role of Chinese-funded enterprises in cooperative development need to be continuously improved. Furthermore, we must pay attention to prevent and resolve the risks in cooperative development.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
International Atomic Energy Agency. Uranium 2016:Resources, Production and Demand. Vienna:IAEA, 2016.
陈正, 蒋峥.中亚五国优势矿产资源分布及开发现状.中国国土资源经济, 2012, (5):34-39.
刘增浩.哈萨克斯坦铀资源、生产及供需形势.矿产与矿业, 2012, (4):24-26.
原渊, 李建东, 史红霞, 等.哈萨克斯坦地浸采铀生产现状与进展.中国矿业, 2014, 23(11):149-151.
厉芳.乌兹别克斯坦的核能及多元国际合作.黑龙江省对外经贸, 2011, (3):38-40.
徐晓彤, 龙涛, 吴珊, 等.乌兹别克斯坦矿业投资前景分析.中国矿业, 2017, 26(3):77-80.
王世虎, 欧阳平.全球铀矿业动态及中国应对策略.中国国土经济, 2016, (5):26-30.
陈民玺, 陈超.哈萨克斯坦共和国矿业投资分析.地质与勘探, 2013, 49(4):791-796.
郭志锋.哈萨克斯坦铀资源开发近况.国外核新闻, 2012, (8):19-21.
UN Comtrade. Extract Data. [2016-12-25]. https://comtrade.un.org/data.
Global legal insights. Energy 2017, 5th Edition-Uzbekistan. [2016-10-12]. https://www.globallegalinsights.com/practice-areas/energy/global-legal-insights-energy-5th-ed./uzbekistan#chaptercontent1.
International Atomic Energy Agency. Uranium and Nuclear Power in Kazakhstan. [2018-06-05]. http://world-nuclear.org/information-library/country-profiles/countries-%20g-n/kazakhstan.aspx.
闫强, 王建安, 王高尚.中国铀矿资源概况与2030年需求预测.中国矿业, 2011, 20(2):1-5.
曾毅君.创新铀矿冶炼技术支撑大基地建设.中国核工业, 2015, (11):25-27.
刘廷, 刘巧峰.全球铀矿资源现状及核能发展趋势.现代矿业, 2017, 26(4):98-103.
戴军, 涂海丽.我国铀矿业可持续发展存在的问题及对策.科技广场, 2016, (8):138-141.
张新伟, 吴巧生, 黎江峰, 等.中国铀资源供给安全及影响因素分析.中国国土经济, 2017, (10):18-22.
姜巍, 高卫东.低碳压力下中国核电发展及铀资源保障.长江流域资源与环境, 2011, 20(8):938-943.
唐超, 邵龙义, 陈万里.中国铀矿资源安全分析.中国矿业, 2017, 26(5):1-6.
陈关聚.中国与中亚国家资源合作模式研究.技术经济与管理研究, 2015, (6):80-84.
黄文斌. 世界核电形势及铀矿资源. 中国矿业报, 2017-06-19.
Hanying, MAO; Jiansheng, QU; Yaoming, LI; and Shaoyong, BAO
"Present Situation, Prospects, and Countermeasures of Uranium Mines' Cooperative Development Between China and Central Asia in Silk Road Economic Belt,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 33
, Article 4.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol33/iss6/4