The National Science Conference; Springtime of Science; the policy on intellectuals; reform
The National Science Conference, held in March 1978, is an unprecedented event in the history of Science in contemporary China. It indicates that science and technology in China finally embracing the "Springtime of Science" after ten years of turmoil during the Cultural Revolution. In the course of preparation for the conference, the Chinese government restored the national system of science and technology, formulated a new science and technology plan, and properly implement the policy on scientists and intellectuals. In the opening address of the conference, Deng Xiaoping said:"Science and technology is the primary productivity", and "the Scientific and technological workers are part of the working class." The adjustment of science policy laid the foundation for the opening and reform of science and technology in 1980s.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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"Historical Transformation of Chinese Science and Technology——National Science and Technology Conference of 1978 Revisited,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 33
, Article 1.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol33/iss4/1