microplastics; marine environment; analyzing methodology; FTIR spectroscopy; Raman spectroscopy; sampling
Microplastics, plastic particles smaller than 5 mm, have been reported the presence in all oceanic environment compartments and its intrusion in marine species. The current realization of the scale of the problem made the quest for microplastics investigation and analysis methodological consensus. This paper reviews the progress of methodologies used for the sampling, pre-treatment, analyzing, and characterizing of microplastics from the marine environment. The challenges of microplastics analyzing methodology in marine environment lied in representative sampling, automated identification, contamination from airborne fibers, and analysis of nanoplastics. The harmonization of microplastics analyzing methodology is essential to guarantee comparability of different data sets. Furthermore, the data generated will be crucial for a reliable evaluation and the assessment of potential impacts and risks of microplastics in the world's oceans.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Juying, WANG; Weiwei, ZHANG; Jingli, MU; Shoufeng, ZHANG; Ling, QU; and Ying, WANG
"Analysis Methodologies for Microplastics in Marine Environment: Knowledge and Challenge,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 33
, Article 4.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol33/iss10/4