Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)
International Competitiveness of China's Industries: Evolutionary Trends and Challenges
China; industries; international competitiveness; evolutionary trends; policy suggestions
The strategic actions that the developed countries have taken to revive manufacturing have brought severe external challenges to the development of China's industries. It is necessary to deeply analyze the current situation and evolutionary trends of international competitiveness of China's industries in the period of deepening the adjustment of industrial upgrading globally. With the united nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database (un Comtrade Database), this study quantitatively analyzes the international competitiveness of China's industries from 2000 to 2015 by using such indicators as the international market share, the revealed comparative advantage index, the trade competitive index, and the price index. The results demonstrate that China's labor and resource-intensive industries are more competitive internationally, whereas the comparative advantages of some labor and resource-intensive industries are declining; the competitiveness of some capital and technology-intensive industries is rising, while those industries are still at the low value added scenario in the global value chain. Specifically, this article posits the following policy implications as developing strategic emerging industries and building new competitive advantage, improving innovative capacity of industries by innovation-driven strategy, participating actively global governance and constructing external environment, and establishing innovation ecosystem of industries.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
上海市经济和信息化委员会. 2013世界制造业重点行业发展动态.上海:上海科学技术文献出版社, 2013.
穆荣平.高技术产业国际竞争力评价方法初步研究.科研管理, 2000, 21(1):50-57.
郑明身, 田兰章, 王俊杰.中国IT制造业国际竞争力的实证研究.管理世界, 2005, (2):68-76.
金碚, 李鹏飞, 廖建辉.中国产业国际竞争力现状及演变趋势--基于出口商品的分析.中国工业经济, 2013, (5):5-17.
Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry. Eu Industrial Structure Report 2013:Competing in Global Value Chains. Brussels:European Commission, 2014.
Batra a, Khan Z. Revealed comparative advantage: an analysis for India and China. Working Paper no. 168. new Delhi: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, 2005.
Oelgemöller J. PIGS in a poke-on the international competitiveness of the industry in Portugal, Ireland, Greece and Spain, analyzing the revealed comparative advantages (RCa). CaWM Discussion Paper no. 61, 2012. [2017-12-04]. https://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/cawm/sites/cawm/files/cawm/download/Diskussionspapiere/cawm_dp61.pdf.
文东伟, 冼国明, 马静. FDI、产业结构变迁与中国的出口竞争力.管理世界, 2009, (4):96-107.
陈虹, 章国荣.中国服务贸易国际竞争力的实证研究.管理世界, 2010, (10):13-23.
Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, uK Government. Benchmarking uK Competitiveness in the Global Economy. [2017-09-27]. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-ukcompetitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf.
Balassa B. Trade liberalisation and " revealed" comparative advantage. The Manchester School, 1965, 33(2):99-123.
Grubel H G, Lloyd P J. Intra-industry trade:the theory and measurement of international trade in differentiated products. Journal of International Economics, 1975, 6(3):312-314.
马凯. 构建产业新体系. 人民日报, 2015-11-10.
张伯里. 积极参与和推动全球经济治理. 学习时报, 2015-12-03.
Jingjing, GuO; Rongping, Mu; Jingjing, ZhanG; and Xinyi, Ruan
"International Competitiveness of China's Industries: Evolutionary Trends and Challenges,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 33
, Article 7.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol33/iss1/7