sustainable development; spatial dimension; inter-spatial equity; sustainability science
Sustainable development should not only be defined in terms of inter-generational equity but also in terms of inter-spatial equity. First, we reviewed the evolution on the concept of sustainable development, and clarified how it could bridge human needs and the nature capacity based on economic theories. however, we found that:sustainable development was still a fuzzy concept which failed to include the dimension of scale as a priori. In order to tackle this problem, inter-spatial equity was introduced to this concept. Further, we investigated the core questions and explored their strategies on this field based on sustainability science. Then, we hope that our efforts could make new contributions to our society.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Giddings B, hopwood B, O'Brien G. Environment, economy and society:Fitting them together into sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 2002, 10(4):187-196.
Spangenberg J h. Sustainability science:a review, an analysis and some empirical lessons. Environmental Conservation, 2011, 38(3):275-287.
Jenkins W. Sustainability theory. In: Encyclopedia of Sustainability. new York: Springer, 2003: 380-384.
Wilbanks T. Scale and sustainability. Climate Policy, 2007, 7(4):278-287.
Cutter S L, Bryan J. Boruff W, et al. Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Social Science Quarterly, 2003, 84(2):242-261.
Grin J, Rotmans J, Schot J. Transitions to sustainable development:new directions in the study of long term transformative change. London:Routledge, 2010.
Bridge G, Bouzarovski S, Bradshaw M, et al. Geographies of energy transition:Space, place and the low-carbon economy. Energy Policy, 2013, 53(1):331-340.
Bulkeley h, Broto V C. Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 2013, 38(3):361-375.
Binz C, Truffer B, Li L, et al. Conceptualizing leapfrogging with spatially coupled innovation systems:The case of onsite wastewater treatment in China. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2012, 79(1):155-171.
Ornetzeder M, Rohracher h. Of solar collectors, wind power, and car sharing:comparing and understanding successful cases of grassroots innovations. Global Environmental Change, 2013, 23(5):856-867.
hansen T, Coenen L. The geography of sustainability transitions:Review, synthesis and reflections on an emergent research field. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 2015, 17:92-109.
Mebratu D. Sustainability and sustainable development:historical and conceptual review. Environmental Impact assessment Review, 1998, 18(6):493-520.
Lumley S, armstrong P. Some of the nineteenth century origins of the sustainability concept. Environment Development & Sustainability, 2004, 6(3):367-378.
Weber M. General Economic history. Knight F h, Translated. new York: Dover Publications, InC, 1927.
Freud, S. Character and anal erotism (1908). In: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume Ⅸ. London: The hogarth Press, 1959.
neocleous M. The Fabrication of social order:a critical theory of police power. London:Pluto Press, 2000.
Marsh G P. Man and nature; or, Physical Geography as Modified by human action. new York:Charles Scribner, 1864.
Shaler N S. Man and the Earth. new York:Fox, Duffield, 1905.
Kidd C V. The evolution of sustainability. Journal of agricultural & Environmental Ethics, 1992, 5(1):1-26.
Boulding K E. The economics of the coming spaceship earth. Environmental Quatity in a Grouting, 1966, 58(4):947-957.
Pearce D W, Turner R K. Economics of natural Resources and the Environment. Maryland:JhU Press, 1990.
Malthus T. an Essay on the Principle of Population. London:J Johnson, 1798.
Ricardo D. On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. London:John Murray, 1817.
Sayre N F. The genesis, history, and limits of carrying capacity. annals of the association of american Geographers, 2008, 98(1):120-134.
Bentley H L. Cattle Ranges of the Southwest:a history of the Exhaustion of the Pasturage and Suggestions for Its Restoration. Washington:U.S. Government Publishing Office, 1898.
Smith J G. Grazing Problems in the Southwest and how to Meet Them. Washington:US Department of agriculture, Division of agrostology, 1899.
Carson R. Silent Spring. Boston:houghton Mifflin, 1962.
Tryzna T C. a Sustainable World. Sacramento: IUCn, 1995.
Redcliffe M. Sustainable Development:Exploring the Contradictions. London:Methuen, 1987.
O'Riordan T. Research policy and review 6. Future directions for environmental policy. Environment and Planning a, 1985, 17(11):1431-1446.
holmberg J. Making Development Sustainable:Redefining Institutions Policy and Economics. Washington:Island Press, 1992.
Daly H E. Beyond growth:The economics of sustainable development. Economia E Sociedade, 1998, 29(4):6.
Bressers J T a, Rosenbaum W a. achieving Sustainable Development:The Challenge of Governance across Social Scales. Westport:Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003.
Costanza R, Low B S, Ostrom E, et al. Institutions, ecosystems, and sustainability. In: Institutions, Ecosystems, and Sustainability. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 2001: 178-180.
Wilbanks T J, Kates R W. Global change in local places:how scale matters. Climatic Change, 1999, 43(3):601-628.
Williams C C, Millington a C. The diverse and contested meanings of sustainable development. The Geographical Journal, 2004, 170(2):99-104.
neumayer E. Scarce or abundant? The economics of natural resource availability. Journal of Economic Surveys, 2000, 14(3):307-335.
nielsen S S. Food analysis. new York:Springer, 2010.
Devall M S. Cat Island Swamp:window to a fading Louisiana ecology. Forest Ecology and Management, 1990, 33:303-314.
Pigou a C. The Economics of Welfare. London:Macmillan, 1920.
Solow R. an almost practical step toward sustainability. Resources Policy, 1993, 19(3):162-172.
naredo J M. La economía en evolución (prólogo a la tercera edición). Ecología Política, 2003, 25:171-174.
Krutilla K. Environmental regulation in an open economy. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 1991, 20(2):127-142.
Rennings K. Redefining innovation-eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics. Ecological Economics, 2000, 32(2):319-332.
Costanza R, Daly H E. natural capital and sustainable development. Conservation Biology, 1992, 6(1):37-46.
Lotka a J. Elements of Physical Biology. new York:Dover Publishers, InC, 1924.
Cash D W, adger W n, Berkes F, et al. Scale and cross-scale dynamics:Governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecology & Society, 2006, 11(2):3213-3217.
Kairiukstis L. Ecological sustainability of regional development: Background to the problem. Laxenburg: Ecological Sustainability of Regional Development International Institute for applied Systems analysis, 1989.
habitat Ⅲ U n. a new urban agenda. In: Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and human Settlements for all. new York: Quito Un habitat, 2016.
niu W Y, Lu J J, Khan a a. Spatial systems approach to sustainable development:a conceptual framework. Environmental Management, 1993, 17(2):179-186.
Kates R W, Clark W C, Corell R, et al. Sustainability science. Science, 2001, 292(5517):641-642.
Blaschke T. The role of the spatial dimension within the framework of sustainable landscapes and natural capital. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2006, 75(3):198-226.
Zuindeau B. Spatial approach to sustainable development:Challenges of equity and efficacy. Regional Studies, 2006, 40(5):459-470.
Martens P. Sustainability:Science or fiction? Sustainability:Science, Practice, & Policy, 2006, 2(1):36-41.
Kates R W, Clark W C. Our common journey:a transition toward sustainability. Ekistics, 1999, 66(394):82-101.
"Theory of Sustainable Development: Concept Evolution, Dimension and Prospect,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 33
, Article 2.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol33/iss1/2