Third Pole; national park; Tibet; green development; strategy of major function zoning
Third Pole national park group construction is the scientific choice for implementing the strategy of major function zoning and green development in Tibet, China. This study demonstrates that building Third Pole national park group fits for the rules of sustainable development based on analyses of transformation of Tibet's development driving-forces, development positioning by central government of China, and increasing growth trend of human consumption demand. It is proposed that protecting heritage and improving natural and humanistic ecosystem should be put in priority to the construction of national park group, and act as an important driver in Tibet's action of 'bring prosperity to border areas and the local people' and whole mankind's well-being. And it should insist on the scientific development model with scientific research, scientific planning, and scientific management. Based on international theoretical and practical experience in national park field, this study proposed a research framework for Tibet national park construction, put the program of building Third Pole national park group as the core. It is also suggested:(1) carry out fundamental research in the value of natural and cultural resources of the national park group, tourism environmental capacity, and the potential of landscape forest land system improvement before planning; (2) develop technologies for natural resources and environmental monitoring in the Third Pole national park group and management information platform after planning. The purpose of this study is to provide systematic technical support for building the Third Pole national park group with global reputation and attraction.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
陈德亮, 徐柏青, 姚檀栋, 等.青藏高原环境变化科学评估:过去、现在与未来.科学通报, 2015, 60(32):3025-3035.
孙鸿烈, 郑度, 姚檀栋, 等.青藏高原国家生态安全屏障保护与建设.地理学报, 2012, 67(1):3-12.
姚檀栋, 余武生, 杨威, 等.第三极冰川变化与地球系统过程.科学观察, 2016, 11(6):55-57.
樊杰, 徐勇, 王传胜, 等.西藏近半个世纪以来人类活动的生态环境效应.科学通报, 2015, 60(32):3057-3066.
张新时.建立青藏高原高寒草地国家公园和发展高原野生动物养殖产业.中国科学:生命科学, 2014, 44(3):289-290.
张镱锂, 吴雪, 祁威.青藏高原自然保护区特征与保护成效简析.资源科学, 2015, 37(7):1455-1464.
郑度, 赵东升.青藏高原的自然环境特征.科技导报, 2017, 35(6):13-22.
樊杰.青藏地区特色经济系统构筑及与社会、资源、环境的协调发展.资源科学, 2000, 22(4):12-21.
樊杰, 王海.西藏人口发展的空间解析与可持续城镇化探讨.地理科学, 2005, 25(4):385-392.
Fan J, Wang H Y, Chen D, et al. Discussion on sustainable urbanization in Tibet. Chinese Geographical Science, 2010, 20(3):258-268.
Fancy S G, Gross J E, Carter S L. Monitoring the condition of natural resources in US national parks. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2009, 151(1-4):161-174.
Locke H, Dearden P. Rethinking protected area categories and the new paradigm. Environmental Conservation, 2005, 32(1):1-10.
肖练练, 钟林生, 周睿, 等.近30年来国外国家公园研究进展与启示.地理科学进展, 2017, 36(2):244-255.
Obua J. The potential, development and ecological impact of ecotourism in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Journal of Environmental Management, 1997, 50(1):27-38.
Schwartz Z, Lin L C. The impact of fees on visitation of national parks. Tourism Management, 2006, 27(6):1386-1396.
Southworth J, Nagendra H, Carlson L A, et al. Assessing the impact of Celaque National Park on forest fragmentation in western Honduras. Applied Geography, 2004, 24(4):303-322.
Thede A K, Haider W, Rutherford M B. Zoning in national parks:are Canadian zoning practices outdated? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2014, 22(4):626-645.
钟林生, 肖练练.中国国家公园体制试点建设路径选择与研究议题.资源科学, 2017, 39(1):1-10.
Jie, Fan; Linsheng, Zhong; Jianping, Li; Tian, Chen; Baorong, Huang; Hu, Yu; Dong, Chen; Yafei, Wang; and Rui, Guo
"Third Pole National Park Group Construction is Scientific Choice for Implementing Strategy of Major Function Zoning and Green Development in Tibet, China,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 32
, Article 2.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol32/iss9/2