evergreen broad-leaved forest ecosystem; long-term monitoring and innovative research; carbon sequestration function; carbonnitrogen-water coupling; forest and water yield
Nowadays, innovation is becoming a powerful driving force behind the discipline development. With the strong long-term support of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the local government of Guangdong province, by means of long-term monitoring and innovative research, Dinghushan Forest Ecosystem Research Station (hereinafter referred to as the "Dinghushan Station") found the scientific phenomenon that old-growth forests can accumulate carbon in soils, illustrated the mechanism of forest organic matter accumulation and its driving mechanism from macroscopic to microscopic scale, leading the research on carbon, nitrogen, and water cycle processes of forest ecosystem, including their coupling in response to the environmental changes and the adaptation of the ecosystem, therefore, promoted the establishment of the ecological systems non-equilibrium theory. Dinghushan station acquired scientific quantification on the current carbon sequestration capacity and the potential of national forest ecosystems, which provided an important scientific support for the national environmental diplomacy. Such demonstration of a global pattern of forest and water yield, and accurately giving the critical value of the parameters describing water yield controlling factor linking climate and watershed characteristics, provided a new interpretation on the controversial of "the relationship between forest and water yield", it has far-reaching implications for scientific research and natural resource management. A shift in climate conditions could result in changes in tree species distribution and forest composition, whice has been verified by that the evergreen broad-leaved forest communities in China are changing toward shrub tendency, due to the adaptation to climate change in the past 30 years, such adaption was dominated by the main environmental factors, and the mechanism was demonstrated. These research conclusions provide theoretical support for the scientific evaluation of forest carbon sequestration and water resource, which meets the national needs for the construction of natural reserve and ecological environment. Until now, Dinghushan Station has become an irreplaceable national field scientific supporting platform and an international well-known research base of forest ecological systems. Meanwhile, it is also an ecology talent cultivation base for the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Guangdong region.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Odum E P. Strategy of ecosystem development. Science, 1969, 164:262-270.
Zhou G Y, Liu S G, Li Z A, et al. Old-growth forests can accumulate carbon in soils. Science, 2006, 314:1417.
Hopkin M. Forests keep active in old age. Nature, 2006. DOI:10.1038/news061127-13.
Fontaine S, Barot S, Barré P, et al. Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply. Nature, 2007, 450:277-280.
Luyssaert S, Schulze E D, Bomer A, et al. Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks. Nature, 2008, 455:213-215.
Mo J M, Zhang W, Zhu W X, et al. Nitrogen addition reduces soil respiration in a mature tropical forest in southern China. Global Change Biology, 2008, 14(2):403-412.
Lu X K, Gilliam F S, Yu G, et al. Long-term nitrogen addition decreases carbon leaching in a nitrogen-rich forest ecosystem. Biogeosciences, 2013, 10:3963-3982.
Liu L, Gundersen P, Zhang T, et al. Effects of phosphorus addition on soil microbial biomass and community composition in three forest types in tropical China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2012, 44:31-38.
Huang W J, Liu J X, Wang Y P, et al. Increasing phosphorus limitation along three successional forests in southern China. Plant and Soil, 2013, 364:181-191.
Deng Q, Zhou G Y, Liu J, et al. Responses of soil respiration to elevated carbon dioxide and nitrogen addition in subtropical forest ecosystems in China. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7(1):315-328.
Liu J X, Xu Z L, Zhang D Q, et al. Effects of carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen addition on inorganic carbon leaching in subtropical model forest ecosystems. Ecosystems, 2011, 14:683-697.
Yan J H, Zhang D Q, Liu J X, et al. Interactions between CO 2 enhancement and N addition on net primary productivity and water-use efficiency in a mesocosm with multiple subtropical tree species. Global Change Biology, 2014, 20(7):2230-2239.
Chen X M, Liu J X, Deng Q, et al. Effects of elevated CO 2 and nitrogen addition on soil organic carbon fractions in a subtropical forest. Plant Soil, 2012, 357:25-34.
Chen X M, Li Y L, Otieno D, et al. Effects of nitrogen deposition on soil organic carbon fractions in the subtropical forest ecosystems of S China. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 2012, 175:947-953.
Liang G H, Liu X Z, Chen X M, et al. Response of Soil Respiration to Acid Rain in Forests of Different Maturity in Southern China. Plos One, 2013, 8(4):e62207.
Qiu Q Y, Wu J P, Liang G H, et al. Effects of simulated acid rain on soil and soil solution chemistry in a monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest in southern China. Environ Monit Assess, 2015, 187(5):1-13.
Huang W J, Liu J X, Zhou G Y, et al. Effects of Precipitation on Soil Acid Phosphatase Activity in Three Successional Forests in Southern China. Biogeosciences, 2011, 8(7):1901-1910.
Jiang H, Deng Q, Zhou G Y, et al. Responses of soil respiration and its temperature/moisture sensitivity to precipitation in three subtropical forests in southern China. Biogeosciences, 2013, 10:3963-3982.
Zhou G Y, Wei X H, Wu Y P, et al. Quantifying the hydrological responses to climate change in an intact forested small watershed in Southern China. Global Change Biology, 2011, 17:3736-3746.
Zhou G Y, Zhou C Y, Liu S G, et al. Belowground carbon balance and carbon accumulation rate in the successional series of monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest. Science in China Ser. D Earth Sciences, 2006, 49(3):311-321.
Huang Y H, Li Y L, Yin X, et al. Controls of litter quality on the carbon sink in soils through partitioning the products of decomposing litter in a forest succession series in South China. Forest Ecology and Management, 2011, 261:1170-1177.
Tang X L, Wang Y P, Zhou G, et al. Different patterns of ecosystem carbon accumulation between a young and an oldgrowth subtropical forest in Southern China. Plant Ecology, 2011, 212:1385-1395.
CCTV新闻频道. "共建人类命运共同体"2015年中国代表团巴黎气候大会纪实. [2016-04-23]. http://news.cctv.com/2016/04/23/VIDEkhebugWGkaYvHKLJ7WbY160423.shtml.
Zhou G Y, Wei X H, Luo Y, et al. Forest Recovery and River Discharge at the Regional Scale of Guangdong Province, China. Water Resources Research, 2010, 46:W09503.
Jackson R B, Murray B C, et al. Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration. Science, 2005, 310:1944-1947.
Zhou G Y, Wei X H, Chen X Z, et al. Global pattern for the effect of climate and land cover on water yield. Nature Communications, 2015, 6:5918.
Zhou G Y, Peng C H, Li Y L, et al. A Climate Change Induced Threat to the Ecological Resilience of A Subtropical Monsoon Evergreen Broadleaved Forest in Southern China. Global Change Biology, 2013, 19:1197-1210.
Xiao Y, Zhou G Y, Zhang Q M, et al. Increasing active biomass carbon may lead to a breakdown of mature forest equilibrium. Scientific Reports, 2014, 4:3681.
Li R H, Zhu S D, Chen H Y H, et al. Are functional traits a good predictor of global change impacts on tree species abundance dynamics in a subtropical forest? Ecology Letters, 2015, 18(11):1181-1189.
Guoyi, Zhou; Deqiang, Zhang; Yuelin, Li; and Qianmei, Zhang
"Long-term Monitoring and Innovative Research to Illustratethe Process and Mechanism of Forest Ecosystem Function,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 32
, Article 14.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol32/iss9/14