Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Tibetan Plateau; southern margin; climate; land surface conditions; human activity; changes

Document Type



The southern margin of the Tibetan Plateau is located in a transitional zone between the plateau and the South Asia Sub-continent. It is also an intersectional region of the westerlies and the South Asia Summer Monsoon (SASM). This region is quite sensitive to the changes of global climate system and regional environment. Combined with satellite remote sensing and field observations, the inter-annual variability of natural and human geography conditions of the margin have been investigated. The results show that this region is covered mainly by forest (48.62%). The vegetation is mainly distributed in southern edge of the Himalayas and the eastern part of the region, with vegetation cover higher in eastern than in mid-western region. The precipitation is higher in the east than in the west and most of them occur in June to September. The population is quite scarce except for the southern edge. In recent 30 years, local environments present remarkable changes. In the natural environment, regional temperature rose especially at the higher altitude and during the nighttime, while precipitation rose in some western parts and decreased significantly in middle and eastern parts of the region. Due to the changes of temperature and precipitation, maximal leaf area index increases in the middle west while it is decreased in eastern part. In the cultural environment, the residential areas and population density increased in recent years, especially in middle-southern part in India and Nepal. The coverage of night light area has extended 2.5 times from 1992 to 2013, while more than 85% extended light area is located in India.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


李吉均, 方小敏.青藏高原隆起与环境变化研究.科学通报, 1998, 43(15):1569-1574.

吴国雄, 毛江玉, 段安民, 等.青藏高原影响亚洲夏季气候研究的最新进展.气象学报, 2004, 62(5):528-540.

Shi Y F, Liu S Y. Estimation of response of glaciers in China to global warming in 21st century. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2000, 45(4):434-438.

Bolch T, Kulkarni A, Kaab A, et al. The state and fate of Himalayan Glaciers. Science, 2012, 336:310-314.

Yao T D, Thompson L, Yang W, et al. Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. Nature Climate Change, 2012, 2(9):663-667.

姚檀栋, 秦大河, 沈永平, 等.青藏高原冰冻圈变化及其对区域水循环和生态条件的影响.自然杂志, 2013, 35(3):179-186.

张宪洲, 杨永平, 朴世龙, 等.青藏高原生态变化.科学通报, 2015, 60:3048-3056.

吴国雄, 段安民, 张雪芹, 等.青藏高原极端天气气候变化及其环境效应.自然杂志, 2013, 35(3):167-171.

陈德亮, 徐柏青, 姚檀栋, 等.青藏高原环境变化科学评估:过去、现在与未来.科学通报, 2013, 60:3025-3035.

Chen J, Liao A P. Global land cover mapping at 30m resolution:a POK-based operational approach. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2015, 103:7-27.

Liu Y, Liu R G, Chen J M. Retrospective retrieval of long-term consistent global leaf area index (1981-2011) from combined AVHRR and MODIS data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 2012, 117 (G04003):1-14.

Kummerow C, Barnes W, Kozu T, et al. The tropical rainfall measuring mission (TRMM) sensor package. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 1998, 15:809-817.

Wan Z, Li Z L. A physics-based algorithm for retrieving landsurface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data. IEEE Transanction on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1997, 35(4):980-996.

Center for International Earth Science Information Network-CIESIN-Columbia University. 2016. Documentation for the Gridded Population of the World, Version 4 (GPWv4). Palisades NY:NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).[2017-08-01]. http://dx.doi.org/10.7927/H4D50JX4.

Small C, Pozzi F, Elvidge C D. Spatial analysis of global urban extent from DMSP-OLS night lights. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2005, 96:277-291.

Wu B Y. Weakening of Indian summer monsoon in recent decades. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2005, 22:21-29.

Pandey B, Joshi P K, Seto K C. Monitoring urbanization dynamics in India using DMSP/OLS night time lights and SPOT-VGT data. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2013, 23:49-61.