plant disease; chemical pesticides; plant immunity; microbial pathogenicity
Crop diseases cause serious yield loss and are threatening our food security. Although chemical pesticides contribute effectively to plant disease control, huge fertilizing amount led to substantial environmental pollution. During long-term interactions, plants and pathogenic microbes have developed diverse strategies to recognize and respond to each other. Understanding the interaction mechanisms will greatly improve molecular resistance breeding in crops, and thus contribute significantly to the decrement of chemical pesticides. Notably, great achievements have been made in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of plant immunity and microbial pathogenicity during the last decade, leading to the proposing of a few co-evolution models. These achievements enable novel strategies to tailor crops to be disease resistant by using bio-techniques. In this review, we highlight recent advancement of plant immunity, and suggest the directions for future research.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Staskawicz B J, Dahlbeck D, Keen N T. Cloned avirulence gene of Pseudomonas-syringae pv glycinea determines race-specific incompatibility on glycine-max (L) Merr. PNAS, 1984, 81(19):6024-6028.
Martin G B, Brommonschenkel S H, Chunwongse J, et al. Map-based cloning of a protein kinase gene conferring disease resistance in tomato. Science, 1993, 262(5138):1432-1436.
Bent A F, Kunkel B N, Dahlbeck D, et al. RPS2 of Arabidopsis thaliana:a leucine-rich repeat class of plant disease resistance genes. Science, 1994, 265(5180):1856-1860.
Jones D A, Thomas C M, Hammond-Kosack K E, et al. Isolation of the tomato Cf-9 gene for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum by transposon tagging. Science, 1994, 266(5186):789-793.
Botella M A, Parker J E, Frost L N, et al. Three genes of the Arabidopsis RPP1 complex resistance locus recognize distinct Peronospora parasitica avirulence determinants. Plant Cell, 1998, 10(11):1847-1860.
Song W Y, Wang G L, Chen L L, et al. A receptor kinase-like protein encoded by the rice disease resistance gene, Xa21. Science, 1995, 270(5243):1804-1806.
Poltorak A, He X, Smirnova I, et al. Defective LPS signaling in C3H/HeJ and C57BL/10ScCr mice:mutations in Tlr4 gene. Science, 1998, 282(5396):2085-2088.
Gomez-Gomez L, Boller T. FLS2:an LRR receptor-like kinase involved in the perception of the bacterial elicitor flagellin in Arabidopsis. Molecular Cell, 2000, 5(6):1003-1011.
Zipfel C, Kunze G, Chinchilla D, et al. Perception of the bacterial PAMP EF-Tu by the receptor EFR restricts Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Cell, 2006, 125(4):749-760.
Jones J D, Dangl J L. The plant immune system. Nature, 2006, 444(11):323-329.
Boller T, Felix G. A renaissance of elicitors:perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns and danger signals by pattern-recognition receptors. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2009, 60:379-406.
Li L, Yu Y, Zhou Z, et al. Plant pattern-recognition receptors controlling innate immunity. Science China Life Sciences, 2016, 59(12):878-888.
van der Hoorn R A, Kamoun S. From Guard to Decoy:a new model for perception of plant pathogen effectors. Plant Cell, 2008, 20(8):2009-2017.
Selote D, Kachroo A. RIN4-like proteins mediate resistance protein-derived soybean defense against Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2010, 5(11):1453-1456.
Lacombe S, Rougon-Cardoso A, Sherwood E, et al. Interfamily transfer of a plant pattern-recognition receptor confers broadspectrum bacterial resistance. Nature Biotechnology, 2010, 28(4):365-369.
Piquerez S J, Harvey S E, Beynon J L, et al. Improving crop disease resistance:lessons from research on Arabidopsis and tomato. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, 5:671.
Lee S, Whitaker V M, Hutton S F. Mini review:potential applications of non-host resistance for crop improvement. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, 7:997.
Wiesner-Hanks T, Nelson R. Multiple disease resistance in plants. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 2016, 54:229-252.
Wulff B B, Moscou M J. Strategies for transferring resistance into wheat:from wide crosses to GM cassettes. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, 5:692.
Wang Y, Cheng X, Shan Q, et al. Simultaneous editing of three homoeoalleles in hexaploid bread wheat confers heritable resistance to powdery mildew. Nature Biotechnology, 2014, 32(9):947-951.
Zhang T, Zhao Y L, Zhao J H, et al. Cotton plants export microRNAs to inhibit virulence gene expression in a fungal pathogen. Nature Plants, 2016, 2(10):16153.
Fernandez-Cornejo J, Wechsler S, Livingston M, et al.[2014-2-6]. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/45179/43668_err162.pdf?v=41690.
Jie, Zhang; Jun, Liu; and Jun, Qin
"Research Advances and Prospect for Plant Innate Immunity,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 32
, Article 7.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol32/iss8/7