vector-borne disease; insect vector; tripartite interaction; plant virus; protection strategy
Due to the immobility of plants, around 75% of 1100 plant virus species are piercing-sucking insect transmitted. Host plantmediated interactions between viruses and insects play vital roles in the population dynamics of vectors and the epidemiology of plant diseases. A successful viral pathogen has to evolve multiple strategies to manipulate host immune responses and also the ecological environment to facilitate effective transmission by insect vectors. Among these strategies, reprogramming the plant immune signaling pathways such as phytohormone is critical to the establishment of an effective virus transmission among plants and disease pandemic. Here, we review recent studies on the plant-virus inter-relationships with a focus on molecular and biochemical mechanisms that drive vector-borne viral diseases. This knowledge is essential for the further design and/or development of effective and sustainable strategies to protect viral damages so as to increase crop yield and food security. Future efforts in this area should be focused on the followings:1) understanding the mechanisms of multidimensional interactions of virus-vector-plant-microbiomes under natural and field condition; 2) applying cutting-edge research technologies and novel methods to understand both macro-ecological scope level and micro-level interactions; 3) developing new technology and novel disease protection strategies by applying disease related microbiomes, integrating and meta-analysis of big data generating from dynamics and multiple dimensional pathogen-vector-crop interactions under real agricultural conditions to achieve sustainable protection against plant diseases.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Jian, Ye; Yuqing, Gong; and Rongxiang, Fang
"Research Progress and Perspective of Tripartite Interaction of Virus-vector-plant in Vector-borne Viral Diseases,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 32
, Article 6.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol32/iss8/6