think tank; methodology; method innovation and application
The methodologies, which are both the helpful methods and tools for the research on strategic and policy issues and also the important output of think tanks, have been evolving ever since the emerging period of modern think tanks. The innovation and application of methodologies by world-leading think tanks can be classified into four categories. They are the original innovation of single theory/method, indicators or index-based method, modeling and simulation, and specialized method innovation and application. Taken the world-leading think tanks such as RAND, NISTEP, Joint Research Centre of EU for case studies, methods innovation and application are explored in details in this study. Based on these analysis, suggestions for method innovation for China's new-type think tanks are proposed in the paper.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
张志强, 苏娜.国际智库发展趋势特点与我国新型智库建设.智库理论与实践, 2016, 1(1):9-23.
张志强, 苏娜.一流智库战略研究成果的质量管理机制.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 32(8):940-950.
McGann G J. Academics to ideologues:A brief history of the public policy research industry. Political Science and Politics, 1992, 25(4):733-740.
亚历克斯. 阿贝拉. 兰德公司与美国的崛起. 梁筱芸, 张小燕, 译. 北京: 新华出版社, 2011.
德内拉. 梅多斯, 乔根. 兰德斯, 丹尼斯. 梅多斯. 增长的极限. 李涛, 王智勇, 译. 北京: 机械工业出版社, 2006.
Cagnin C, Keenan M, Johnston R, et al. Future-Oriented Technology Analysis:Strategic Intelligence for an Innovative Economy. Berlin Heidelberg:Springer, 2008.
Porter A L, Bradford A, Guenter C, et al. Technology future analysis:towards integration of the fields and new methods. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 2004, 71(3):287-303.
Glenn J C, Gorden T J. Futures Research Methodology-Version 2.0. Future Survey, 2003, 25(8):4.
黄鲁成, 李欣, 吴菲菲.技术未来分析理论方法与应用.北京:科学出版社, 2010.
张志强, 范少萍.论学科信息学的兴起与发展.情报学报, 2015, 34(10):1011-1023.
Zhiqiang, Zhang and Na, Su
"Analysis on Methodology Development of World-leading Think Tanks,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 32
, Article 11.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol32/iss12/11