Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Xiongan New Area; carrying capacity of resource and environment; pressure on resource and environment; countermeasures of regulation and promotion

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The establishment of Xiongan New Area is a strategic choice and a long term planning made by the Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core. To support planning and construction of Xiongan New Area, the project group from Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), made a study from the history, reality, and future perspectives, focusing on evaluation, regulation, and promotion of carrying capacity of resource and environment, based on the remote sensing data obtained from satellite and unmanned aircraft, fixed observation data, and historical documents. The results show that:(1) the New Area has an obvious location advantage, rich land resources, while there are some problems involving the shortage of water resources, serious pollution of surface water, high rate of flood disaster risk. The carrying capacity of resource and environment has reached the limit of the three counties, to maintain the present production mode and lifestyle. (2) The increase in population and industrial activities will impose greater pressure on resources and environment of the new area. When the population size touches 5 million, urban built-up areas and industrial land will be about 670 km 2 and 130 km 2, respectively, water consumption will reach 1 billion m 3, and the traditional agricultural ecosystem will reduced by 90%. (3) To realize the development goal of the new area, it is necessary to increase carrying capacity of resource and environment through scientific regulation and management. The specific countermeasures include:population size should be less than 5 million; the areas of wetland and forest should be moderately controlled; water resources should be supplied by various channels; pollutant discharge should be effectively managed to improve the quality of the ecology and environment; and the location of construction projects should be rationally planned to improve flood control standard.

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Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


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