Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


Tarim River; comprehensive treatment project; ecological restoration; countermeasures and suggestions

Document Type



The Tarim River is the largest inland river in China, and it is also the mother river of more than 10 million people in Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Due to the increase of population and massive water consumed by the irrigation in the source region since 1960s, water flows into the mainstream of Tarim River reduced year by year. 300 000 meters river channel of the downstream and Tetme Lake in the end of the river have been dried out. Deterioration of the ecology and environment has shown a serious impact on people's life in the lower reaches of the Tarim River. Since 2001, a comprehensive control project was launched by Chinese government. Over the past 10 years, what has been changed in the Tarim River? Whether if the desired goal is achieved? And what do we need to do in the future? In this study, ecological effects of the project in the Tarim River Basin are assessed by coupling remotely sensed technique and filed-based survey data. Moreover, suggestions for ecological system restoration are put forward, which could be used as scientific basis for the ecological civilization construction in the Tarim River Basin.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


陈曦, 包安明, 古丽.加帕尔, 等.塔里木河流域生态系统综合检测与评估.北京:科学出版社. 2016.

陈亚宁, 张小雷, 祝向民, 等.新疆塔里木河下游断流河道输水的生态效应分析.中国科学(D辑), 2004, (5):475-482.

邓铭江.塔里木河流域气候与径流变化及生态修复.冰川冻土, 2006, (5):694-702.

黄粤, 包安明, 王士飞, 等.间歇性输水影响下的2001-2011年塔里木河下游生态环境变化分析.地理学报, 2013, 68(9):1251-1262.

陈亚宁, 李卫红, 陈亚鹏, 等.新疆塔里木河下游断流河道输水与生态恢复.生态学报, 2007, 27(2):538-545.

徐海量, 宋郁东, 王强.塔里木河中下游地区不同地下水位对植被的影响.植物生态学报, 2004, 28(3):400-405.

Hao X M, Li W H. Impact of ecological water conveyance on groundwater dynamics and vegetation recovery in the lower reaches of the Tarim River in northwest China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2014, 186:7605-7616.

Guli Jiapaer, Chen X, Bao A M. Coverage extraction and up-scaling of sparse desert vegetation in arid area. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(12):2925-2934.

陈永金, 刘加珍, 陈亚宁, 等.输水前后塔里木河下游物种多样性与水因子的关系.生态学报, 2013, 33(7):2212-2224.

Xu H L, Ye M, Li J M. The ecological characteristics of the riparian vegetation affected by river overflowing disturbance in the lower Tarim River. Environmental Geology, 2009, 58:1749-1755.