Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


digital economy, data market, reverse asymmetry of market information, classification, grading and separation of data, supply side

Document Type

Research on Market-oriented Allocation of Data Elements


Data market is the foundation of digital economy. Following General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on promoting the classification, grading and separation of data, defining the rights and ensuring proper use of data, this study focuses on the main theoretical and practical issues of building data market by answering three questions which are why to build it, what to build, and how to build. It finds that the digital economy shows three-stages of development. With the enterprise data becoming dominant, it puts forward realistic requirements and offers development opportunities for data market. To overcome the obstacles in the way of building data market, it is necessary to start from the supply side, adhere to the top-level design, make full use of the market mechanism, and focus on solving the three problems of ownership definition, data supply, and transaction mode. Based on the theoretical research and practical needs, this study concludes with proposals to establish a national data administration bureau, a national data center, and a digital economy promotion law.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


1 赛迪顾问. 大数据中心将成为国家竞争力新内涵. 软件和集成电路, 2020, (4): 40-43.

CCID Consulting. Big data centers will become a new connotation of national competitiveness. Software and Integrated Circuits. 2020, (4): 40-43. (in Chinese)

2 何小龙. 中国数据要素市场发展报告( 2020—2021). 软件和集成电路, 2021, (5): 57-58.

He X L. Chinese data market development report (2020- 2021). Software and Integrated Circuits, 2021, (5): 57-58. (in Chinese)

3 黄丽华, 窦一凡, 郭梦珂, 等. 数据流通市场中数据产品的特性及其交易模式. 大数据, 2022, 8(3): 3-14.

Huang L H, Dou Y G, Guo M K, et al. Characteristics of data products and their trading modes in data circulation market. Big Data Research, 2022, 8(3): 3-14. (in Chinese)

4 鲜祖德, 王天琪. 中国数字经济核心产业规模测算与预测. 统计研究, 2022, 39(1): 4-14.

Xian Z D, Wang T Q. Scale Estimation and Forecast of Core Industries in China’s Digital Economy. Statistical Research, 2022, 39(1): 4-14. (in Chinese)

5 赵鑫. 数据要素市场面临的数据确权困境及其化解方案. 上海金融, 2022, (4): 59-68.

Zhao X. The dilemma of data ownership difinition and its solution in data market. Shanghai Finance, 2022, (4): 59-68. (in Chinese)

6 赵刚. 数据要素:全球经济社会发展的新动力. 北京: 人民邮电出版社, 2021.

Zhao G. Data: A New Driver of Global Economic and Social Development. Beijing: Posts and Telecom Press, 2021. (in Chinese)

7 郑杗. 浅析欧盟《通用数据保护条例》及其合规要求. 中国远洋海运, 2022, (4): 48-52.

Zheng W. On the GDPR and its compliance requirements. China Ocean Shipping, 2022, (4): 48-52. (in Chinese)

8 周樨平. 大数据时代企业数据权益保护论. 法学, 2022, (5): 159-175.

Zhou X P. The protection of enterprise data rights and interests in the era of big data. Legal Research, 2022, (5): 159-175. (in Chinese)