Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)


government data; data open; data development; data utilization

Document Type



In recent years, with the rise of big data wave, the big data industry has maintained a high-speed development trend, and the big data application has a good momentum. Governmental data, as a data resource with high value density and wide coverage, has become an important asset developed by all countries. However, for a long time, the theoretical research on the development and utilization of government data has been ignored. How to develop and utilize government data scientifically and effectively has become an urgent problem. This study concludes the policies and measures as well as practices of the governmental data systematically in some important developed countries and collates and analyzes the policy system and current development situation of the governmental data development and use in China. Then we try to establish the process mechanism model of the governmental data development and use and also propose some policy suggestions such as strengthening top legislation and implementing institutional guarantee, expanding data source and improving data quality, unifying the converging and opening up and deepening industrial application, establishing qualification permit and clarifying authorization mechanism, innovating development model and clarifying income distribution, promoting pilot practice and exploring feasible experience, strengthening technology support and ensuring data security, in order to provide decision-making reference for further promoting governmental data development and use.

First page


Last Page





Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences


Zhao Y, Fan B. Exploring open government data capacity of government agency:Based on the resource-based theory. Government Information Quarterly, 2018, 35(1):1-12.

Gascó-Hernández M, Martin E G, Reggi L, et al. Promoting the use of open government data:Cases of training and engagement. Government Information Quarterly, 2018, 35(2):233-242.

Harrison T M, Pardo T A, Cook M. Creating open government ecosystems:A research and development agenda. Future Internet, 2012, 4(4):900-928.

De Juana-Espinosa S, Luján-Mora S. Open government data portals in the European Union:A dataset from 2015 to 2017. Data in Brief, 2020, 29(4):105-156.

Empty rhetoric over data sharing slows science. Nature, 2017, 546: 327.

胡业飞, 田时雨.政府数据开放的有偿模式辨析:合法性根基与执行路径选择.中国行政管理, 2019, (1):30-36.

Wang V, Shepherd D. Exploring the extent of openness of open government data-A critique of open government datasets in the UK. Government Information Quarterly, 2020, 37(1):2-10.

黄如花, 刘龙.英国政府数据开放的政策法规保障及对我国的启示.图书与情报, 2017, 61 (1):1-9.

黄如花, 陈闯.美国政府数据开放共享的合作模式.图书情报工作, 2016, 60(19):6-14.

范佳佳.中国政府数据开放许可协议(CLOD)研究.中国行政管理, 2019, (1):23-29.