Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)
Theoretical System and Its Application of National Targeted Poverty Alleviation Assessment
targeted poverty alleviation; theoretical system; third-party assessment; fight against poverty; poverty governance; poverty reduction and development
China put forward the major strategy of targeted poverty alleviation in 2013, and implemented the "most stringent assessment and evaluation" system to ensure that the work of poverty alleviation is pragmatic, the process of poverty alleviation is solid and the result of poverty alleviation is real. Targeted poverty alleviation assessment is an important means to improve the effectiveness of national targeted poverty alleviation, which is of great significance to fight against poverty alleviation and promote the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. Based on the practice of the third-party evaluation of the effectiveness of national targeted poverty alleviation, this paper discusses the differentiation law of rural poverty and its scientific cognition, summarizes the theory and technology system of national targeted poverty alleviation evaluation, and deeply analyzes the application and contribution of evaluation theory and technology in the evaluation survey over the years. Results show that the "island effect" and "marginal diminishing effect" of rural poverty, and the supply-demand structure between the government's "support" and the farmers' "poverty" are the scientific significance of implementing the effectiveness assessment of targeted poverty alleviation. They require in-depth assessment to promote rectification and effectively improve the performance of targeted poverty alleviation. The theoretical cognition and practical needs of rural poverty are the important basis for establishing assessment objectives and developing assessment plan, and plays a direct guiding role in refining the assessment indicators of antipoverty effectiveness, exploring the connotation of indicators and formulating evaluation work plans. Theoretical system of national third-party assessment on the effectiveness of targeted poverty alleviation is a comprehensive system including key technologies, supporting technologies, package support system, and big data platform. It has successfully supported the national effectiveness assessment of targeted poverty alleviation from 2016 to 2020, and has played the role of "baton", "quality inspection instrument", and "propeller", providing references for the assessment and scientific decision-making for poverty alleviation.
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences
刘彦随, 周扬, 刘继来.中国农村贫困化地域分异特征及其精准扶贫策略.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(3):269-278.
Liu Y S, Guo Y Z, Zhou Y. Poverty alleviation in rural China:Policy changes, future challenges and policy implications. China Agricultural Economic Review, 2018, 10(2):241-259.
Liu Y S, Liu J L, Zhou Y. Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies. Journal of Rural Studies, 2017, 52:66-75.
王介勇, 陈玉福, 严茂超.我国精准扶贫政策及其创新路径研究.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(3):289-295.
孟志华, 李晓冬.精准扶贫绩效的第三方评估:理论溯源、作用机理与优化路径.当代经济管理, 2018, 40(3):46-52.
徐双敏.政府绩效管理中的"第三方评估"模式及其完善.中国行政管理, 2011, (1):28-32.
郑方辉, 毕紫薇.第三方绩效评价与服务型政府建设.华南理工大学学报(社会科学版), 2009, 11(4):33-38.
唐任伍.习近平精准扶贫思想阐释.人民论坛, 2015, (30):28-30.
刘彦随, 曹智.精准扶贫供给侧结构及其改革策略.中国科学院院刊, 2017, 32(10):1066-1073.
周扬, 郭远智, 刘彦随.中国县域贫困综合测度及2020年后减贫瞄准.地理学报, 2018, 73(8):1478-1493.
Zhou Y, Guo L Y, Liu Y S. Land consolidation boosting poverty alleviation in China:Theory and practice. Land Use Policy, 2019, 82:339-348.
Li Y H, Wu W H, Liu Y S. Land consolidation for rural sustainability in China:Practical reflections and policy implications. Land Use Policy, 2018, 74:137-141.
郭远智, 周扬, 刘彦随.云南省县域经济发展与农村减贫的空间耦合协调分析.经济经纬, 2019, 36(1):1-9.
李裕瑞, 曹智, 郑小玉, 等.我国实施精准扶贫的区域模式与可持续途径.中国科学院院刊, 2016, 31(3):279-288.
陈烨烽, 王艳慧, 赵文吉, 等.中国贫困村致贫因素分析及贫困类型划分.地理学报, 2017, 72(10):1827-1844.
刘彦随, 李进涛.中国县域农村贫困化分异机制的地理探测与优化决策.地理学报, 2017, 72(1):161-173.
尚虎平, 雷于萱.政府绩效评估:他国启示与引申.改革, 2015, (11):66-76.
刘彦随.中国乡村振兴规划的基础理论与方法论.地理学报, 2020, 75(6):1120-1133.
刘彦随.现代人地关系与人地系统科学.地理科学, 2020, 40(8):1221-1234.
李玉恒, 武文豪, 宋传垚, 等.世界贫困的时空演化格局及关键问题研究.中国科学院院刊, 2019, 34(1):42-50.
黄承伟, 刘杰.中国, 对贫困说不.北京:北京师范大学出版社, 2020.
Yansui, LIU; Chenghu, ZHOU; Yuanzhi, GUO; and Liming, WANG
"Theoretical System and Its Application of National Targeted Poverty Alleviation Assessment,"
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version): Vol. 35
, Article 7.
Available at: https://bulletinofcas.researchcommons.org/journal/vol35/iss10/7